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Audio Guide

Spinario (boy pulling a thorn from his foot), Antico (Pier Jacopo Alari Bonacolsi) (Italian, Mantua ca. 1460–1528 Gazzuolo), Bronze, partially gilt (hair) and silvered (eyes), Italian, Mantua


Spotlight features new perspectives on a single work from The Met collection. Familiar and celebrated works serve as the focal point for dialogue—posing questions, building understanding, and conveying how the presence of the work in the Museum has altered, limited, or enhanced the work’s interpretation.

1301: Facing Pain

A conversation on focus, mindfulness, and what art can teach us about experiencing pain


Denise Allen: I'm Denise Allen, curator of Renaissance and Baroque sculpture at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Jared O'Garro-Moore: And my name is Dr. Jared O'Garro-Moore I'm assistant professor of clinical psychology in the psychiatry department of the Columbia University Irving Medical Center.

Denise Allen: I think many of you listening will be wondering why a little bronze figure of a boy pulling a thorn from his foot is an arresting object today. So I think that's how we can open our conversation.

Jared O'Garro-Moore: Yeah, thanks Denise. As a psychologist, I'm all about being able to embrace pain and embrace difficulties as they come up in life. And so when I look at this sculpture, what I'm seeing is this person who is really embracing this notion of acceptance, right? He's really intently looking at this thorn in his foot. And so there is this acceptance that in order to move forward he has to actually take care of this painful thing in his life currently.

Denise Allen: It's the anticipation of the act that makes this work so powerful. His hand is poised above his heels and his toes are spread in anticipation, but his face is impassive. He looks very calm.

Jared O'Garro-Moore: Our minds are very powerful things. When we go to the future, we're able to kind of plan for different things. We're able to come up with contingencies. It’s a very like unique skill that we as humans have. The problem, though, is when we stay there for too long is that we also can think about catastrophe. You can also kind of get lost in the ways in which things can go wrong. And anxiety tends to come from that. And similarly, being able to think about past events and think about what happened when, come up with cause and effect. But if we kind of stay back there, in the past, things like guilt, things like shame, tend to come up, right? So I think the important piece here about being able to kind of pull your mind back to the current moment, it's such a strong and useful skill and it is like the basis of mindfulness, right? Being able to pay attention on purpose.

Denise Allen: One of the other beautiful things about the Spinario is that he seems to suspend time. And for me, that's calming. Does that relate in any way to how one deals with, with pain or with any kind of anxiety or distress?

Jared O'Garro-Moore: In terms of mindfulness and pain, we know clinically is that when we get people to try to focus in on their pain, but come from it from a place of acceptance and willingness, and being able to just be curious about it, rather than trying to fight against it or trying to solve it, then they find that their pain kind of can fluctuate up and down.

They allow it to be able to yes, get a little worse at times, but also, decrease. And so what we ask people to do is actually okay, like really like, look at that pain, what are you noticing about it? Instead of taking that stance of, ‘I have to get rid of it, this is something I need to problem-solve right away.’ And in some ways the Spinario is kind of a metaphor for that, right? Because it is really just, in some ways a calm kind of curious, look at this thing that is painful.

Denise Allen: Yeah, you can't be curious, if you're not on some level accepting. And that really does also, I think add another dimension to understanding the power of this figure of the Spinario. If one commits to facing one's pain, as does the Spinario, if one settles into that, at that moment, does it make one vulnerable? Is that part of the Spinario’s message?

Jared O'Garro-Moore: Possibly, I mean, here you have a sculpture in which this person has committed to letting that bad feeling come up, and letting it be. And I absolutely think there's a vulnerability there. And, I don't know, I think in some ways there is a lesson to be learned.

Denise Allen: That brings me to the question, you know, When people face pain. I know it's important to have help, but is it something that one must do, in a sense, alone?

Jared O'Garro-Moore: I think one can make a case for both sides of that, right? I mean, your pain is your pain. And as the audience, we're also looking at this and there's something to being able to empathize, right, with pain, because we all do know what that feeling is like.

Denise Allen: Yeah. The other thing is, as someone who is, you know, an art historian, dealing with a lot of sculpture all the time, one tends to interact with the figures and sometimes a figurative sculpture will address its audience. The figure will look at you or gesture towards you. And one of the things that I find so compelling about the Spinario is that the audience is utterly irrelevant. He is aware of what he needs to do and that is pull the thorn from his heel. But he's not doing it for anybody but himself. He's completely contained within that moment.

Jared O'Garro-Moore: And for you, when you look at this sculpture and you see, like, this person is really riveted to the now, right? There's nothing else. This person is doing one thing at a time, is being very intentional. And do you think that relates to how distracted we can become so easily?

Denise Allen: Yeah. I mean, I'm a true believer that multitasking is not exactly natural to human beings. And what the Spinario and works of art, you know, really give to me is that in order to appreciate them, to understand them, I need to slow down. I can't just walk by. I just can't flick my gaze at the Spinario and get anything from it. Works of art give back, when they are given time. And that is the only way they give back. And that goes from, you know, the cave paintings of Lascaux all the way up to the most contemporary works of today.



  1. 1301: Facing Pain
  2. 1302: Rethinking Representation
  3. 1303: Tracing Economics through Ephemera
  4. 1304: Reexamining the Wilderness Aesthetic
  5. 1305: Challenging Power through Gender Representation
  6. 1306: Debunking the Myth of Whiteness
  7. 1307: Keeping Culture Alive
  8. 1308: Inventing the Piano
  9. 1309: Seeking Unity with the Divine
  10. 1310: Revisiting “O’Keeffe Country”