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Cézanne to Picasso: Ambroise Vollard, Patron of the Avant-Garde

Rabinow, Rebecca A., ed., with Douglas W. Druick, Ann Dumas, Gloria Groom, Anne Roquebert, and Gary Tinterow
464 pages
529 illustrations
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In the aesthetic upheaval that transformed the art world beginning in the late nineteenth century, Ambroise Vollard played a key role. This young newcomer to Paris became a pioneering dealer who introduced to the public many of the modern era's leading artists. A colorful, enigmatic figure with an excellent eye for undiscovered talent and a canny business sense, he variously inspired friendship, contempt, admiration, and envy.

Vollard's groundbreaking 1895 exhibition of paintings by Paul Cézanne—then virtually unknown—established the artist's reputation, and their continuing business relationship made Vollard's fortune. Over his long life, Vollard organized exhibitions of scores of artists, including Nabis, Gauguin, Van Gogh, Picasso, and Matisse, and promoted the work of artists ranging from Degas to Rouault to Derain and the Fauves. His clients included the great collectors of the era, among them Denys Cochin and Auguste Pellerin in France, the Americans Albert C. Barnes and Gertrude Stein, the Russians Ivan Morozov and Sergei Shchukin, and the Germans Count Harry Kessler and Karl-Ernst Osthaus. Indeed, Vollard's enterprise extended beyond dealing: encouraging artists to make prints and considerably furthering the development of the artist's book, or livre d'artiste, he published colorful print albums and collector's books that are among the most celebrated of the twentieth century.

This catalogue accompanies the first comprehensive exhibition devoted to Vollard's achievement. Its twenty-two essays examine his relationships with a number of individual artists and collectors; his business practices; his publication of bronze casts, prints, and livres; the wealth of previously unpublished material now available from his archives; and the dispersal of his collection after his death in 1939. More than two hundred important works of art that are part of his history are catalogued, described, and illustrated in color.

Parallèlement, Pierre Bonnard  French, 109 lithographs printed in rose ink; 9 wood engravings
Multiple artists/makers
Daphnis and Chloe, Pierre Bonnard  French, Lithograph and  wood engraving
Multiple artists/makers
Le Père Ubu à l'Aviation, Ambroise Vollard  French, Lithographic illustrations
Multiple artists/makers
Le Père Ubu à l'Hopital, Ambroise Vollard  French, lithographic illustration
Multiple artists/makers
Dingo, Pierre Bonnard  French
Multiple artists/makers
Mont Sainte-Victoire and the Viaduct of the Arc River Valley, Paul Cézanne  French, Oil on canvas
View of the Domaine Saint-Joseph, Paul Cézanne  French, Oil on canvas
late 1880s
Mont Sainte-Victoire, Paul Cézanne  French, Oil on canvas
ca. 1902–6
Dancer in Ukrainian Dress, Edgar Degas  French, Pastel over charcoal on tracing paper
The Dancers, Edgar Degas  French, Pastel and charcoal on paper
Frontispiece, from "Amour", Maurice Denis  French, Color lithograph
L'Imitation de Jésus-Christ, Maurice Denis  French
The Palace of Westminster, André Derain  French, Oil on canvas
Sunflowers, Vincent van Gogh  Dutch, Oil on canvas
Oleanders, Vincent van Gogh  Dutch, Oil on canvas
La Berceuse (Woman Rocking a Cradle; Augustine-Alix Pellicot Roulin, 1851–1930), Vincent van Gogh  Dutch, Oil on canvas
Three Bathers, Henri Matisse  French, Painted ceramic plate
Woman in Profile, Pablo Picasso  Spanish, Oil on paperboard mounted on particle board
The Blind Man's Meal, Pablo Picasso  Spanish, Oil on canvas
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Rabinow, Rebecca A., Douglas W. Druick, Maryline Assante di Panzillo, Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.), Art Institute of Chicago, and Musée d’Orsay, eds. 2006. Cézanne to Picasso: Ambroise Vollard, Patron of the Avant-Garde. Metropolitan Museum of Art Publications. New York : New Haven: Metropolitan Museum of Art ; Yale University Press.