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Jerusalem Every People Under Heaven cover

Jerusalem, 1000–1400: Every People Under Heaven

Boehm, Barbara Drake and Melanie Holcomb eds.
352 pages
354 illustrations
Honorable Mention, PROSE Award for Excellence (2016)
Winner, CAA Alfred H. Barr Jr. Award (2018)
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Medieval Jerusalem was a vibrant international center, home to multiple cultures, faiths, and languages. Harmonious and dissonant voices from many lands, including Persians, Turks, Greeks, Syrians, Armenians, Georgians, Copts, Ethiopians, Indians, and Europeans, passed in the narrow streets of a city not much larger than midtown Manhattan. Patrons, artists, pilgrims, poets, and scholars from Christian, Jewish, and Islamic traditions focused their attention on the Holy City, endowing and enriching its sacred buildings, creating luxury goods for its residents, and praising its merits. This artistic fertility was particularly in evidence between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries, notwithstanding often devastating circumstances—from the earthquake of 1033 to the fierce battles of the Crusades. So strong a magnet was Jerusalem that it drew out the creative imagination of even those separated from it by great distance, from as far north as Scandinavia to as far east as present-day China.

This publication is the first to define these four centuries as a singularly creative moment in a singularly complex city. Through absorbing essays and incisive discussions of nearly 200 works of art, Jerusalem, 1000–1400: Every People Under Heaven explores not only the meaning of the city to its many faiths and its importance as a destination for tourists and pilgrims but also the aesthetic strands that enhanced and enlivened the medieval city that served as the crossroads of the known world.

Textile with Foliated Scrolls, Cotton, plain weave; block-printed, mordant dyed
13th–14th century
Textile with Blue and White Pattern, Cotton, plain weave; block-printed, resist dyed
13th–14th century
Fragment of a Carpet with Geometric Design, Wool (warp, weft and pile); symmetrically knotted pile
14th century
Textile with Stripes, Linen, silk; plain weave, tapestry weave
12th century
Perfume Sprinkler (Qumqum), Greenish glass; blown, applied blown foot, applied decoration
11th–mid-13th century
Bowl, Stonepaste; polychrome painted under transparent glaze
late 12th–early 13th century
Plate, Stoneware (Longquan ware), China
14th century
Fragment of a Bowl with a Horse and Rider, Terracotta with green glaze over slip, decorated in sgraffito, Byzantine
Belt, Silver, with traces of gilding and enamel; modern textile support, North Italian
North Italian
ca. 1330–50
Peregrinatio in terram sanctam., Bernhard von Breydenbach  German, Woodcuts
Multiple artists/makers
Reliquary Cross, Silver gilt, rock crystal, glass cabochons, and possible human remains; wood core, French
ca. 1180
Holy-water Font, Guglielmus  Italian, Marble (Carrara marble), Italian
ca. 1160–65
Embroidered Textile with Three Saints
, Cotton; embroidered in gold wrapped thread and silk
12th century
La Peregrination en Terre Sainte  (Pilgrimage to the Holy Land), Nicolas Le Huen  French, Engraving, hand colored
Multiple artists/makers
Copto-Arabic Book of Prayers, Black and red ink on Venetian paper
17th–18th century
Textile with Musicians, Silk, gilt animal substrate around a silk core; lampas
13th century
Cover of a Censer, Godefridus, Copper alloy, cast, engraved, chased, punched, and gilded, South Netherlandish
mid-12th century
Ceramic Lantern, Stonepaste; underglaze-painted in blue, luster-painted on transparent glaze
early 13th century
Mishneh Torah, Master of the Barbo Missal  Italian, Tempera and gold leaf on parchment; leather binding, North Italian
Multiple artists/makers
ca. 1457
Reed Mat, Hemp (warp), straw (weft); weft faced plain weave, brocaded
first half 10th century
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Boehm, Barbara Drake, Melanie Holcomb, and Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.), eds. 2016. Jerusalem, 1000-1400: Every People under Heaven. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.