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Painters of Reality: The Legacy of Leonardo and Caravaggio in Lombardy

Painters of Reality: The Legacy of Leonardo and Caravaggio in Lombardy

Various authors
272 pages
219 illustrations
Book of the Year Award (ForeWord) in Art (2004)
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Sponsor's Statement
Director's Foreword
President's Foreword
Lenders to the Exhibition
Contributors to the Catalogue
Organizing Committee

Defining Naturalism in Lombard Painting
Andrea Bayer

Caravaggio and Lombardy: A Critical Account of the Artist's Formation
Mina Gregori

Naturalism in Lombard Drawing from Leonardo to Cerano
Linda Wolk-Simon


Leonardo and the Idea of Naturalism: Leonardo's Hypernaturalism
Essay by Martin Kemp
Catalogue numbers 1–22

Brescia and Bergamo: Humble Reality in Sixteenth-Century Devotional Art and Portraiture
Essay by Andrea Bayer
Catalogue numbers 23–53

Toward a New Naturalism: Sixteenth Century Painting in Cremona and Milan
Essay by Giulio Bora

"Diversi Personagii Molto Ridiculosi:" A Contract for Cremonese Market Scenes
Robert S. Miller
Catalogue numbers 54–100

The Painters of Reality: Art in Brescia and Bergamo After the Age of Caravaggio
Essay by Enrico De Pascale
Catalogue numbers 101–116

Artists' Biographies
Andaleeb Badiee Banta

Photograph Credits

Girl with Cherries, Marco d'Oggiono  Italian, Oil on wood
ca. 1491–95
Salome with the Head of Saint John the Baptist, Andrea Solario  Italian, Oil on wood
ca. 1507–9
A Bear Walking, Leonardo da Vinci  Italian, silverpoint on light buff prepared paper
ca. 1482–85
Head of a Man in Profile Facing to the Left, Leonardo da Vinci  Italian, Pen and brown ink, over soft black chalk
A Grotesque Couple: Old Woman with an Elaborate Headdress and 
Old Man with Large Ears and Lacking a Chin, Giovanni Francesco Melzi  Italian, Pen and brown ink
Bust of a Bearded Figure, Andrea Solario  Italian, Black, red, and ochre chalk on light brown paper (with later, substantive reintegration of the support and drawing surface along the right edges and upper portions of the sheet; detached from canvas support in 1958)
The Flagellation; (reverse) The Madonna of Mercy, Girolamo Romanino  Italian, Distemper and oil(?) on canvas
ca. 1540
The Entombment, Moretto da Brescia (Alessandro Bonvicino)  Italian, Oil on canvas
Lucrezia Agliardi Vertova (1490?–1558), Giovanni Battista Moroni  Italian, Oil on canvas
Saint Matthew and the Angel, Giovanni Gerolamo Savoldo  Italian, Oil on canvas
Concert champêtre, Girolamo Romanino  Italian, Pen and brown ink, brown wash, over black chalk.
ca. 1520–30
Study of a Head, Giovanni Gerolamo Savoldo  Italian, Black chalk on blue paper, highlighted with white
ca. 1508–18
Two Children Teasing a Cat, Annibale Carracci  Italian, Oil on canvas
Saint Charles Borromeo, Giovanni Battista Crespi ("Il Cerano")  Italian, Pen and brown ink, brush and brown wash, highlighted with white, on brown-washed paper
Studies for an Angel in Glory, Antonio d'Enrico Tanzio (Tanzio da Varallo)  Italian, Red chalk on off-white laid paper washed pale ochre; main study squared for transfer
Landscape with Mountains, Antonio d'Enrico Tanzio (Tanzio da Varallo)  Italian, Red chalk, highlighted with white chalk, on pink prepared paper

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Bayer, Andrea, Mina Gregori, Museo Civico Ala Ponzone, and Metropolitan Museum of Art, eds. 2004. Painters of Reality: The Legacy of Leonardo and Caravaggio in Lombardy ; [in Conjunction with the Exhibition “Painters of Reality: The Legacy of Leonardo and Caravaggio in Lombardy”, Held at the Museo Civico “Ala Ponzone”, Cremona, from February 14 through May 2, 2004 and at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, from May 27 through August 15, 2004]. New York, NY: Metropolitan Museum of Art [u.a.].