The collapse of the dynastic Maya city-states in the central region during the tenth century creates a political vacuum. The northern and southern regions remain more viable, but they are strongly influenced by central Mexican peoples. In Yucatan, Chichén Itzá falls, to be replaced by Mayapan as the dominant center. In the Guatemalan highlands in the south, the K’iche’, a warrior people from the Mexican Gulf Coast, establish a modest tribute state. Art is produced primarily for deity worship and religious ritual rather than for use by divine rulers. Warriors and gods, both local and Mexican, are frequent themes. Only a few dated monuments are erected.