John Quincy Adams

Southworth and Hawes (American, active 1843–1863)

Albert Sands Southworth (American, West Fairlee, Vermont 1811–1894 Charlestown, Massachusetts)
Josiah Johnson Hawes (American, Wayland, Massachusetts 1808–1901 Crawford Notch, New Hampshire)
After Philip Haas (American)
ca. 1850
12.0 x 9.0 cm (4 3/4 x 3 9/16 in.)
Credit Line:
Gift of I. N. Phelps Stokes, Edward S. Hawes, Alice Mary Hawes, and Marion Augusta Hawes, 1937
Accession Number:
  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Marking: Hallmark [said to be present in Newhall article, but not visible at present due to the case]: Scovill Mfg. Co.

  • Provenance

    Edward S. Hawes, Alice Mary Hawes, and Marion Augusta Hawes; [Holman's Print Shop, Boston]; I.N. Phelps Stokes, New York, 1937

  • Notes

    This is apparently a copy by Southworth & Hawes of a lost original daguerreotype by Phillip Haas (active 1839-57), ca. 1843. Oliver (1970a) discusses the Metropolitan Museum dagurreotype as by Southworth & Hawes and two related prints that clearly attribute it to Haas. Marder and Pierce (1995) correct the attribution of the Metropolitan's piece to Haas and describe it as a copy. Newhall (1977) describes a related plate signed by Haas, which Newhall donated to the Metropolitan Musem.

    Biography: Son of President John Adams and Abigal Smith, John Quincy Adams (1776-1848) was born into a life of public service. In 1802, the Massachusetts legislature appointed him to the U.S. Senate. As secretary of state (1817-25) under James Monroe, he played a major role in formulating the Monroe Doctrine. In his bid for the presidency in 1824, he lost both the popular and electoral vote; however, as no candidate managed to secure a majority, the outcome was decided by the House of Representatives, which elected Adams. Opposed by the Democrats throughout his term, in 1828 he was defeated by Andrew Jackson in one of the most vicious presidential campaigns in American history. Adams rebounded in 1830, winning a seat in Congress on the anti-Masonic Party ticket. In 1841, he argued successfully before the Supreme court to win freedom for fifty-three slave mutineers aboard the Spainish ship Amistad. He served nine consecutive terms as a congressman, until his death in 1848, earning the nickname "Old Man Eloquent" for his magnificent antislavery speeches.

  • See also