The Sheepfold

Charles Jacque (French, Paris 1813–1894 Paris)

Oil on wood
18 1/8 x 36 1/8 in. (46 x 91.8 cm)
Credit Line:
Catharine Lorillard Wolfe Collection, Wolfe Fund, 1897
Accession Number:
  • Gallery Label

    Twenty years of Jacque's career were spent as a printmaker. In 1845 he made his debut at the Salon with an etching, and first exhibited a painting there three years later. He won medals in the Salons of 1861 and 1864, but he is best known as a member of the group of painters who lived and worked in the village of Barbizon in the Forest of Fontainebleau. Jacque lived there between 1849 and 1854 and developed strong friendships with two of the village's most famous residents, Rousseau and Millet. Indeed, the strong influence of the latter is evident in "The Sheepfold," but the handling, especially the treatment of light, is typical of Jacque's own style.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: Signed and dated (lower left): ch. Jacque / 1857.

  • Provenance

    Hopkinson, London (until 1897; sold on March 23, for Fr 13,093 to Boussod-Valadon and Bernheim-Jeune); [Boussod, Valadon & Cie, 1897; stock no. 24811, as "Intérieur de bergerie," in half-share with Bernheim-Jeune, sold on April 20 for Fr 20,000 to Avery]; Samuel P. Avery Jr., New York (1897; sold to MMA)

  • References

    James B. Townsend. "The Museum's New Pictures." New York Times (November 7, 1897), p. SM5, ill.

    Charles Sterling and Margaretta M. Salinger. "XIX Century." French Paintings: A Catalogue of the Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2, New York, 1966, pp. 86–87, ill., mention a similar painting in the Manceaux sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, December 19, 1912, no. 38 (present location unknown).

    Jean Bouret. L'École de Barbizon et le paysage français au XIXe siècle. Neuchâtel, Switzerland, 1972, p. 268, ill. p. 150.

    Hans-Peter Bühler. "Tiermaler aus Passion—Charles-Émile Jacque." Weltkunst 55 (April 15, 1985), p. 1103.

    Pierre-Olivier Fanica. Charles Jacque, 1813–1894: Graveur original et peintre animalier. Montigny-sur-Loing, 1995, pp. 53, 167, 185, ill. (color), identifies the setting as the sheep barn belonging to Benoni Bellon in Barbizon; notes that it prefigures multiple interiors painted by Jacque.

  • Notes

    The setting is the sheep barn belonging to the farmer Benoni (Jean-Baptiste) Bellon in the village of Barbizon [see Ref. Fanica 1995].

  • See also
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History