The Garden of the Tuileries on a Spring Morning

Camille Pissarro (French, Charlotte Amalie, Saint Thomas 1830–1903 Paris)

Oil on canvas
28 7/8 x 36 1/4 in. (73.3 x 92.1 cm)
Credit Line:
Partial and Promised Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Douglas Dillon, 1992
Accession Number:
  • Gallery Label

    This picture, like the two winter views of the Jardin des Tuileries by Pissarro in the Museum's collection (66.36 and 1979.414), belongs to a series that he painted from his apartment in the rue de Rivoli in 1899. Here, spring has arrived: underneath the blooming trees and soft blue sky, a woman can be seen at lower center, pushing a brightly-attired baby in a carriage. Having sold a number of the scenes to his dealer Durand-Ruel, later that year Pissarro rented the same apartment and executed another fourteen works.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: Signed and dated (lower left): C. Pissarro. 99

  • Provenance

    [Durand-Ruel, Paris, 1899–at least 1921; bought from the artist on May 18, 1899 for Fr 3,000]; [Durand-Ruel, New York, until 1942; sold on December 23 to Salz]; [Sam Salz, New York, 1942–43; sold on February 16, 1943 to Carstairs]; [Carroll Carstairs, New York, 1943; sold in February to Knoedler]; [Knoedler, New York, 1943; stock no. A2538, sold in November to Ryan]; Mrs. Richard N. Ryan (later Mrs. Clifford Klenk), New York (1943–68; sale, Parke-Bernet, New York, October 9, 1968, no. 4, as "Jardin des Tuileries, matinée de printemps," for $260,000 to Dillon); Mr. and Mrs. Douglas Dillon, New York (from 1968)

  • Exhibition History

    Paris. Galerie Durand-Ruel. "Exposition C. Pissarro," January 14–February 2, 1901, no. 12 [see Pissarro and Venturi 1939].

    London. Grafton Galleries. "Pictures by Boudin, Cézanne, Degas, Manet...," January–February 1905, no. 173 (as "The Tuileries Gardens—Morning in Spring, Sunny Weather").

    Paris. Galeries Durand-Ruel. "Tableaux, pastels, et gouaches par Camille Pissarro (1830–1903)," January 27–February 19, 1921, no. 24 (as "Le Jardin des Tuileries").

    New York. Durand-Ruel Galleries. "Exhibition of Paintings by Camille Pissarro in Retrospect," January 3–24, 1933, no. 13.

    Dallas. Sartor Galleries. February–May 1935, no catalogue [see Snollaerts 2005].

    Dallas Museum of Fine Arts. "Master French Impressionists," November 14–December 18, 1937, no. 22 (as "Jardin des Tuileries," lent by Durand-Ruel, Inc.).

    New York. Durand-Ruel. "Paintings of London–Paris," October 29–November 16, 1940, no. 1 (as "Jardin des Tuileries, printemps").

    New York. Carroll Carstairs Galleries. "Paintings of Paris by Camille Pissarro," April 12–26, 1944, no. 3 (as "Les jardins des Tuileries," lent anonymously).

    Washington. National Gallery of Art. "Masterpieces of Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Painting," April 25–May 24, 1959, unnumbered cat. (p. 13, lent by Mrs. Richard N. Ryan).

    Palm Beach, Fla. Society of the Four Arts. "Loan Exhibition of Paintings and Drawings by Camille Pissarro, 1830–1903," January 9–31, 1960, no. 22 (lent by Mrs. Richard N. Ryan, New York).

    Dallas Museum for Contemporary Arts. "Impressionists and Their Forebears from Barbizon," March 9–April 2, 1961, no. 52 (as "Jardin des Tuileries," lent by Mrs. Richard Ryan, New York).

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Paintings from Private Collections: Summer Loan Exhibition," July 1–August 20, 1961, no. 71 (lent by Mrs. Richard N. Ryan).

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Paintings from Private Collections: Summer Loan Exhibition," July 3–September 6, 1962, no. 68 (lent by Mrs. Richard N. Ryan).

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Paintings from Private Collections: Summer Loan Exhibition," July 12–September 2, 1963, no. 59 (lent by Mrs. Richard N. Ryan).

  • References

    Camille Pissarro. Letter to Lucien Pissarro. December 4, 1898 [published and translated in John Rewald, ed., "Camille Pissarro, Letters to His Son Lucien," London, 1980, p. 333], mentions that he has rented an apartment at 204 rue de Rivoli, facing the Tuileries, and plans to paint a series based on the view [PV1097–1110, 1123–1136].

    Camille Pissarro. Letter to Durand-Ruel. May 17, 1899 [published in Janine Bailly-Herzberg, "Correspondance de Camille Pissarro: Tome 5 / 1899–1903," Saint-Ouen-l'Aumône, 1991, p. 26, no. 1637], lists eleven paintings sent to Durand-Ruel, including this one as no. 6, for Fr 3,000 [see Ref. Snollaerts 2005].

    "Fine Art. Modern French Pictures." Bazaar (February 3, 1905) [see Ref. Snollaerts 2005].

    "Impressionism at the Grafton Galleries." Daily Telegraph (January 14, 1905), p. 11.

    Globe (January 18, 1905) [see Ref. Snollaerts 2005], reviews Exh. London 1905.

    "Grafton Gallery. Noted French Painters." Morning Post (January 16, 1905) [see Ref. Snollaerts 2005].

    Frederick Wedmore. "Great French Painters: The Durand-Ruel Exhibition." The Standard (January 13, 1905), p. 6.

    Ludovic Rodo Pissarro and Lionello Venturi. Camille Pissarro, son art—son œuvre. reprint ed. 1989. Paris, 1939, vol. 1, p. 234, no. 1099; vol. 2, pl. 219, no. 1099.

    John Rewald. The History of Impressionism. New York, 1946, ill. p. 420.

    Ralph E. Shikes and Paula Harper. Pissarro: His Life and Work. New York, 1980, pp. 309–10, 328.

    Christopher Lloyd in Retrospective Camille Pissarro. Exh. cat., Isetan Museum of Art. [Tokyo], 1984, p. 139, under no. 62, identifies it as part of a series of views of the Jardin des Tuileries seen from an apartment at 204 rue de Rivoli, painted between December 1898 and April 1899 (PV 1097–1110); identifies the buildings visible throughout the series.

    Richard R. Brettell and Joachim Pissarro. The Impressionist and the City: Pissarro's Series Paintings. Exh. cat., Dallas Museum of Art. New Haven, 1992, pp. 105, 213, no. 74, ill. (color), include it in a chart of his paintings of the Tuileries Gardens.

    Gary Tinterow in "Recent Acquisitions, A Selection: 1991–1992." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 50 (Fall 1992), p. 50, ill. (color), comments that it belongs to the first period of his Tuileries series of canvases, 1898–99 and 1899–1900.

    Alexia de Buffévent in Joachim Pissarro and Claire Durand-Ruel Snollaerts. Pissarro: Critical Catalogue of Paintings. Milan, 2005, vol. 1, pp. 286–88, 299.

    Claire Durand-Ruel Snollaerts in Joachim Pissarro and Claire Durand-Ruel Snollaerts. Pissarro: Critical Catalogue of Paintings. Milan, 2005, vol. 1, pp. 365–66, 372, 378–79, 381, 383–84, 392–95; vol. 3, pp. 782, 785, 955, 959, no. 1263, ill. (color).

    Susan Alyson Stein in The Masterpieces of French Painting from The Metropolitan Museum of Art: 1800–1920. Exh. cat., Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. New York, 2007, p. 77.

    Susan Alyson Stein in Masterpieces of European Painting, 1800–1920, in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2007, p. 91.

  • Notes

    This painting belongs to the first series of works of the Tuileries Gardens that Pissarro painted in 1898–99 from the apartment he rented for this purpose at 204, rue de Rivoli in Paris. The Museum owns two other paintings from this series, both titled "The Garden of the Tuileries on a Winter Afternoon" (MMA 66.36 and 1979.414).

  • See also
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History