William Raeburn Andrew. Life of Sir Henry Raeburn, R.A. 2nd ed. London, 1894, p. 131, no. 172, as James Johnston of Straiton, painted about 1800.
Walter Armstrong. Sir Henry Raeburn. London, 1901, p. 106.
Edward Pinnington. Sir Henry Raeburn, R.A. London, 1904, p. 235.
James Greig. Sir Henry Raeburn, R.A.: His Life and Works. London, 1911, p. 50.
Claus Virch. The Adele and Arthur Lehman Collection. New York, 1965, pp. 58–59, ill., as James Johnston of Straiton, Midlothian, and Champfleurie, painted about 1800.
Katharine Baetjer. British Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1575–1875. New York, 2009, pp. 166–67, no. 80, ill. (color).