Haystacks, Morning, Éragny

Camille Pissarro (French, Charlotte Amalie, Saint Thomas 1830–1903 Paris)

Oil on canvas
25 x 31 1/2 in. (63.5 x 80 cm)
Credit Line:
Bequest of Douglas Dillon, 2003
Accession Number:
  • Gallery Label

    Made the same year as Pissarro’s bird’s-eye views of the Jardin des Tuileries in Paris, this idyllic scene of a meadow near the artist’s home in rural Éragny is a counterpoint to his paintings of modern urban life. Pissarro depicted the same trio of haystacks, seen from a slightly different vantage point, and under afternoon rather than morning light (private collection), a practice recalling Monet’s Haystacks series of the early 1890s.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: Signed and dated (lower left): C. Pissarro 99

  • Provenance

    [Durand-Ruel, Paris, 1899–1900; bought from the artist on November 27, 1899 for Fr 2,500; stock no. 5526; sold on March 21, 1900 to Bernard]; Louis Bernard, Paris (1900–1901; his sale, Hôtel Drouot, May 11, 1901, no. 49, as "Clos à Eragny," for Fr 3,900 to Mancini); Mancini, Paris (from 1901); Touéry, Coye-sur-Oise (in 1928); Henri Chartol (in 1930); [Sam Salz]; Max Julius Braunthal, Neuilly-sur-Seine (until 1941; sold on February 17 for Fr 100,000 to Durand-Ruel); [Durand-Ruel, Paris, 1941; stock no. 14057; sold on March 1 for Fr 140,000 to Krüger]; Wolfgang Krüger, Berlin (from 1941); Robert F. Woolworth, New York (by 1958–59; consigned on November 29, 1958 to Knoedler, New York; sold by Knoedler on November 23, 1959 to Dillon); Douglas Dillon, New York (1959–d. 2003; life interest to his widow, Susan S. Dillon, 2003–terminated in 2004)

  • Exhibition History

    Paris. Galerie Durand-Ruel. "Tableaux par Camille Pissarro," February 27–March 10, 1928, no. 84 (as "Les meules; le matin").

    Paris. Musée de l'Orangerie. "Centenaire de la naissance de Camille Pissarro," February–March 1930, no. 120 (as "Les Meules, le matin," lent by Henri Chartol).

    London. Thos. Agnew & Sons. "Paintings and Drawings by Camille Pissarro," November 1937, no. 10 (as "La Meule: le matin").

    Zürich 1938. Galerie Aktuaryus. "Pissarro, Sisley, Renoir," January 23–February 28, 1938, no. 2 [see Snollaerts 2005].

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Summer Loan Exhibition: Paintings from Private Collections," Summer 1967, no. 74 (as "Haystacks, Eragny," lent by Mr. and Mrs. C. Douglas Dillon).

  • References

    Camille Pissarro. Letter to Durand-Ruel. [c. November 1899] [published in Janine Bailly-Herzberg, "Correspondance de Camille Pissarro: Tome 5 / 1899–1903," Saint-Ouen-l'Aumône, 1991, p. 55, no. 1675), lists this painting as "Les Meules, matin" for Fr 2,500.

    Ludovic Rodo Pissarro and Lionello Venturi. Camille Pissarro, son art—son œuvre. reprint ed. 1989. Paris, 1939, vol. 1, p. 231, no. 1075; vol. 2, no. 1075, pl. 215.

    Christopher Lloyd in Retrospective Camille Pissarro. Exh. cat., Isetan Museum of Art. [Tokyo], 1984, p. 139, under no. 61, identifies it as part of a group of paintings of rural subjects made in the summer of 1899 (PV 1071–82).

    Claire Durand-Ruel Snollaerts in Joachim Pissarro and Claire Durand-Ruel Snollaerts. Pissarro: Critical Catalogue of Paintings. Milan, 2005, vol. 1, pp. 375–76, 381, 398, 428; vol. 3, pp. 795, 955, 959, no. 1282, ill.

    R[ichard]. S[hone]. "Supplement: Acquisitions (2000–10) of nineteenth- and early twentieth-century French art at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York." Burlington Magazine 152 (December 2010), p. 839, fig. III (color).

  • See also