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Angels Swinging Censers

ca. 1170
Made in Troyes
Pot-metal glass, vitreous paint, and lead
18 1/2 x 17 5/16 in. (47 x 44 cm)
Credit Line:
Gift of Ella Brummer, in memory of her husband, Ernest Brummer, 1977
Accession Number:
  • Description

    The stained glass produced for the Collegiate Church of Saint-Étienne in Troyes during the late twelfth century represents a major transition from the Romanesque to the Gothic style. None of the panels from what was once an ambitious cycle of scenes—ranging in theme from the public life and Passion of Christ and the Dormition of the Virgin to the life of Saint Nicholas of Myra—remains in its original setting, since the church was destroyed in the wake of the French Revolution. The glass is now scattered in public and private collections in Europe and America. The Museum's panel of censing angels conforms to a window design of connected semicircles, whose overall subject was the Dormition of the Virgin. Here, the pairs of angels, seen moving away from the connected arcs, are painted with an exceptional precision, against a ground decorated with a fine pattern of rinceaux. The organic articulation of the figures and the strikingly balanced colors are analogous to effects found in both manuscript illumination and enamel work. However, it is the chevron-shaped folds of the drapery, which radiate with a metallic precision, that especially invite comparison to a group of contemporary manuscripts produced in Champagne by illuminators originally trained in northern France. Stylistic links with Mosan enamel work also demonstrate that the Troyes artist had assimilated techniques, color relationships, and figure types uncharacteristic of twelfth-century stained-glass painting.

  • Provenance

    From the Collegiate Church of Saint-Étienne, Troyes.; [ André Lion, Paris (sold 1937) (?)]; [ Brummer Gallery, Paris and New York (from 1937)]; Ernest and Ella Brummer, New York (until 1977)

  • See also
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History