Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Cage crinoline

Manufacturer:
Worcester Skirt Company (American, 1861–1872)
Date:
1862–63
Culture:
American
Medium:
linen, metal
Credit Line:
Brooklyn Museum Costume Collection at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Gift of the Brooklyn Museum, 2009; Brooklyn Museum Collection
Accession Number:
2009.300.2250
Not on view
In 1950, E.A. Meister, then president of the Royal Worcester Corset Co., donated a collection of 171 corsets to the Brooklyn Museum in the memory of Isidor Roth, his father-in-law and former president of the company,who had assembledthe collection. The stated dual purpose of the donation was to honor Mr. Roth for his outstanding contributions to the growth of the field of corsetry and to establish a place where the collection could be used as a resource for the history of corsetry.
Overall, the collection of corsets represents prime examples of the stylistic and technological developments which took place from1745-1939. It represents not only the changing silhouette of the past 200 years but also the innovative culture of the corset industry, where solutions to further comfort and increasing flexibility were continually being sought. Known first as The Worcester Skirt Company, the company was founded in 1861 in Worcester, Massachusetts, by David Hale Fanning. It specialized in making hoopskirts to support the full skirts that were in vogue. By March 1, 1872, the company shifted foundation directions, as the focus of the woman's silhouette changed from hoop skirts to shaped torsos and hips, and it was renamed the Worcester Corset Co. Fanning became president when the company went public in 1888. In 1901, the name was changed to theRoyal Worcester Corset Co. From waist cinchers to full-length corsets, the collection represents the numerous silhouettes that were in mode, the engineering of the shapers that created them and the measures women took to alter their figures
accordingly.

Not only is this an example of the pre-bustle shape of the cage crinoline, it is also one of the earliest pieces produced by the company, when it was first founded as the Worcester Skirt Company. The cage crinoline itself is symmetrically round, supporting the growing girth of the skirt. The invention of the crinoline precluded the need for heavy petticoats, making the skirt lighter. However, the light skirt allowed for its increasing expansion, which became overly exaggerated by the middle of the eighteen-sixties.
Marking: Handwritten in ink on paper tag: "Hoop skirt sent to Mr. Fanning by Mrs. G.A. Haskell, Jewett City, CT. Made about 1862 or 3/Royal Worcester Corset Co. (?)"
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