Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object
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Communion jug

Date:
1639
Culture:
Hungarian
Medium:
Silver, partly gilded
Dimensions:
Overall: 15 15/16 x 6 1/2 in. (40.5 x 16.5 cm)
Classification:
Metalwork-Silver
Credit Line:
Gift of The Salgo Trust for Education, New York, in memory of Nicolas M. Salgo, 2010
Accession Number:
2010.110.21
Not on view
The Latin inscription on this highly restrained and elegantly proportioned jug reads in translation: "The noble lord Andreas Zakany, deputy-lieutenant of the renowned Borsod County, and his wife, the noble lady Helena Poki, had this made for the Evangelical church of Szendrő on 19 April 1639, in honor of the Most Holy Blood of Jesus Christ, the Son of God." Unadorned jugs or flagons capable of holding at least one liter of wine were used for refilling chalices shared among by a Protestant congregation during Communion.

Literature
European Silver. Sale cat., Sotheby’s, Geneva, November 14, 1984, n.p., no. 33.
Judit H. Kolba. Hungarian Silver: The Nicolas M. Salgo Collection. London, 1996, p. 49, no. 27.

Exhibited
A Magyar történeti ötvösmű-kiállítás lajstroma. Exh. cat. Országos Magyar Iparművészeti Múzeum. Budapest, 1884, room 4, case 3, p. 68, no. 71.

References
Eva Toranová. Goldschmiedekunst in der Slowakei. Translated by Helene Katrinaková. Hanau, 1982, p. 220, no. 227.
Klaus Pechstein et al. Deutsche Goldschmiedekunst vom 15. bis zum 20. Jahrhundert aus dem Germanischen Nationalmuseum. Exh. cat. Deutsches Goldschmiedehaus Hanau, Städtisches Museum Ingolstadt, and Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg. Nuremberg and Berlin, 1987, pp. 277–281, nos. 165–167.
A domestic tankard of similar size is published in Erdély régi művészeti emlékeinek kiállítása az Iparművészeti múzeumban / Ausstellung alten Kunstgewerbes aus Siebenbürgen. Exh. cat. Museum of Applied Arts. Budapest, 1931, p. 23, no. 86, pl. XV.
For a flagon formerly used in the reformed church of Debrezin, see Judit H. Kolba. Schätze des ungarischen Barock. Exh. cat. Deutsches Goldschmiedehaus Hanau. Hanau, 1991, pp. 115–16, no. 115.
For an early example from the sixteenth century, see Ibolya Gerelyes. “Iszlám hatások a 16–17. századi magyar ötvösségben.” Folia Archaeologica 44 (1995), p. 201, fig. 8.

[Wolfram Koeppe 2015]
Inscription: Engraved on gilded ground around the body with the Latin inscription, GE[NEROSUS] D[OMINUS] AND[REAS] ZAKANY V[ICE] CO[MES] INCLYTI CO[MI]T[ATUS] BORSO[D] ET UXO[R] ELg(?) [EIUSDEM] G[ENEROSA] D[OMINA] HEL[ENA] POKI IN HON[OREM] SACRATIS[SIMI] SANG[UINIS] I[ESU] CH[RI]STI F[ILII] D[EI] EC[C]L[ESI]AE EVANG[ELICAE] SZENDRŐ F[IERI] F[ECIT] ANNO D[OMINI] 1639. D[IE] 19 MEN[SIS] APR[ILIS] (The noble count Andreas Zakany, deputy-lieutenant of the renowned Borsod county, and his wife, the noble lady Helena Poki had this made for the Evangelical church of Szendrő on 19 April 1639, in honor of the Most Holy Blood of Jesus Christ, the Son of God).
[ sale, Sotheby's, Geneva , November 14, 1984, lot 33; to Salgo ] ; Nicolas M. Salgo (from 1984) ; Salgo Trust for Education (until 2010; to MMA)
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