Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Terracotta bail-amphora (jar)

Attributed to the Ixion Painter
ca. 330–310 B.C.
Greek, South Italian, Campanian
Terracotta; red-figure
H. 24 3/4 in. (62.9 cm)
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1906
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 161
Obverse, Bellerophon and the chimaera
Reverse, two youths

The Ixion Painter was the foremost Campanian artist of the later fourth century, and the bail-amphora was favored in that region. The painter exploited the awkward, narrow verticality to depict Pegasos and Bellerophon airborne above the wounded chimaera. This mythical creature had a lion's body, a goat's forepart on its back, and a snake's tail.
Beazley, John D. 1943. "Groups of Campanian Red-figure." The Journal of Hellenic Studies, 63(1): no. 13, p. 95.

Trendall, Arthur Dale. 1967. The Red-figured Vases of Lucania, Campania and Sicily. no. 801, p. 339, pl. 132, 4-5, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Mayo, Margaret Ellen and Kenneth Hamma. 1982. The Art of South Italy: Vases from Magna Graecia no. 90, pp. 206-7, Richmond: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1994. Oidipous-Theseus, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 7. Pegasos (Pegasos, Bellerophon), no. 156, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Nara National Museum. 2008. Pegasus and the Heavenly Horses: Thundering Hoofs on the Silk Road. no. 13, pp. 34, 252, Nara: Nara National Museum.

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