During the last quarter of the first century A.D. and the early decades of the second century A.D., ever more complex hair arrangements were developed for the ladies of the imperial court. Hairpieces with added hair and concealed frameworks formed high diadem-like structures surrounding the face. One of the most elaborate constructions appears on the official portraits of Marciana, the elder sister of Trajan. The high polish and engraved eyes on this head suggest that it was carved during the Hadrianic period. The powerful women of Trajan’s family were much honored by his successor, Hadrian, who is said to have owed his throne to their influence. Marciana was the grandmother of Hadrian’s wife, Sabina.
Until 1920, with Yanakopolos, Paris]; acquired in 1920, purchased from Yanakopoulos.
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Richter, Gisela M. A. 1941. Roman Portraits, Vol. 2. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1948. Roman Portraits, 2nd edn. no. 66, pp. iv–v, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Thimme, Jürgen. 1976. Kunst und Kultur der Kykladeninseln im 3. Jahrtausend v. Chr.: Ausstellung unter d. Patronat des International Council of Museums ICOM im Karlsruher Schloss vom 25. Juni-10. Oktober 1976. no. 99, p. 130, Karlsruhe: Müller.
Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1987. Greece and Rome. no. 99, p. 130, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Jucker, Ines. 1995. Skulpturen der Antiken-Sammlung Ennetwies. pp. 29 n. 1, 30 n. 6, Mainz: Verlag Philipp von Zabern.
Fittschen, Klaus. 1996. "Courtly Portraits of Women in the Era of the Adoptive Emperors (98-180 A.D.) and their Reception in Roman Society." I Claudia: Women in Ancient Rome, Prof. Diana Kleiner and Susan B. Matheson, eds. p. 42, fig. 3, New Haven: Yale University Art Gallery.
Bartman, Elizabeth. 2001. "Hair and the Artifice of Roman Female Adornment." American Journal of Archaeology, 105(1): p. 11, pl. 1.
Zanker, Paul. 2016. Roman Portraits: Sculptures in Stone and Bronze in the Collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. no. 78, pp. 191, 210–12, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.