Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Chalcedony scaraboid

Attributed to Epimenes
ca. 500 B.C.
5/8 × 1/2 × 11/16 in. (1.5 × 1.3 × 1.7 cm)
Credit Line:
Fletcher Fund, 1931
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 157
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Epimenes signed his name on a gem now in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. He was probably trained on one of the Aegean islands.
Said to be from Naukratis (Carnegie 1908, p. 27).

From at least 1891, collection of the Earl of Southesk; acquired July 20, 1931, purchased from the Earl of Southesk, through Maggs Brothers, London.
Middleton, John Henry. 1891. The Engraved Gems of Classical Times, with a Catalogue of Gems in the Fitzwilliam Museum. pp. 25-6, fig. 17, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Middleton, John Henry and Samuel Savage Lewis. 1892. The Lewis Collection of Gems and Rings in the Possession of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. London: C.J. Clay and Sons.

Fürtwangler, Adolf. 1900. Die antiken Gemmen: Geschichte der Steinschneidekunst im klassischen Altertum. p. 106, pl. IX, 23, Leipzig, Berlin: Giesecke & Devrient.

Carnegie, James. 1908. Catalogue of the Collection of Antique Gems, Helena Carnegie, ed. no. B8, pp. 27-8, pl. II, London.

Beazley, John D. 1920. The Lewes House Collection of Ancient Gems. p. 21, pl. A, 10, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1931. "A Greek Gem from the Southesk Collection." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 26(11): pp. 257, 267-8.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1936[1934]. A Guide to the Collections, Part 1: Ancient and Oriental Art, 2nd edn. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. p. 285, pl. 125n, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1956[1920]. Catalogue of Engraved Gems of the Classical Style: Greek Etruscan, and Roman. no. 42, p. 12, pl. 7, Rome: L'Erma di Bretschneider.

Boardman, John. 1970. Greek Gems and Finger Rings: Early Bronze Age to Late Classical. pp. 142, 184, pl. 357, London: Thames and Hudson, London.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1970. "The Department of Greek and Roman Art: Triumphs and Tribulations." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 3: pp. 83, 86, 88, fig. 26.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1970. Masterpieces of Fifty Centuries. no. 76, p. 122, New York: Dutton.

Cook, Robert Manuel. 1973[1972]. Greek Art: Its Development, Character, and Influence. p. 168, pl. 69e, New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux.

Thimme, Jürgen. 1976. Kunst und Kultur der Kykladeninseln im 3. Jahrtausend v. Chr.: Ausstellung unter d. Patronat des International Council of Museums ICOM im Karlsruher Schloss vom 25. Juni-10. Oktober 1976. no. 38, p. 57, Karlsruhe: Müller.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1987. Greece and Rome. no. 38, p. 57, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Mertens, Joan R., Dr. 1989. "Timeas's Scarab." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 24: p. 54, figs. 4-5.

Howard Kathleen. 1994. Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide: Works of Art Selected by Philippe De Montebello pp. 27f., fig. 3, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 2006[1920]. Catalogue of Engraved Gems of the Classical Style: Greek Etruscan, and Roman, 2nd edn. no. 42, p. 12, pl. 7, color pl. 2, Rome: L'Erma di Bretschneider.

Zwierlein-Diehl, Erika. 2007. Antike Gemmen und ihr Nachleben. fig. 8, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter & Co.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2012. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide. p. 69, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Villing, Alexandra. 2015. "" Naukratis: Greeks in Egypt. PA.20, London: British Museum.

Lapatin, Kenneth. 2015. Luxus: The Sumptuous Arts of Greece and Rome. no. 82, pp. 121, 130, 243, pl. 82, Los Angeles, CA: J. Paul Getty Museum.

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