This portrait depicts Caracalla as a grown man, when he was sole emperor. He succeeded his father, Septimius Severus, who died at York in A.D. 211 during campaigns in northern Britain. Caracalla only reigned for six years before his own death near Carrhae in northern Mesopotamia while campaigning against the Parthians.
Possibly from Boubon, southwestern Anatolia (Milleker 1992, p. 52)
By 1967 and until 1990, collection of Norbert Schimmel, New York; 1990-1992, with Norbert Schimmel Trust; acquired in 1992, gift of Norbert Schimmel Trust.
Muscarella, Oscar White. 1974. Ancient Art: The Norbert Schimmel Collection no. 95, Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern.
Milleker, Elizabeth J. 1992. "Ancient Art: Gifts from The Norbert Schimmel Collection." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 49(4): p. 52.
Milleker, Elizabeth J. 1993. "Recent Acquisitions, A Selection: 1992-1993." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 51(2): p. 52.
İnan, Jale. 1994. Recent Research on the Boubon Sebasteion and its Statues (Boubon Sebasteionu ve Heykelleri üzerine Son Arastirmalar). pp. 7, 19–20, pl. 25, ill. 43–44, Istanbul: Arkeoloji ve Sanat Yayınları.
Queyrel, François. 2003. Les portraits des Attalides : fonction et représentation. no. 13, p. 120–21, Athens: Ecole française d'Athènes.
Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 453, pp. 388, 494, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Kokkinia, Christina. 2008. Boubon: the Inscriptions and Archaeological Remains. A Survey 2004-2006. p. 48, Athens: Diffusion de Boccard.
Zanker, Paul. 2016. Roman Portraits: Sculptures in Stone and Bronze in the Collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. no. 28, pp. 89–90, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.