Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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The Hudson River Portfolio

Series/Portfolio:
The Hudson River Portfolio
Artist:
After William Guy Wall (Irish, Dublin 1792–after 1864 Ireland (active America))
Etcher:
John Hill (American (born England), London 1770–1850 Clarksville, New York)
Etcher:
John Rubens Smith (American, London 1775–1849 New York) (plates 2,3,5,11, in first number begun by)
Author:
John Agg (American, born England, 1783–1855)
Publisher:
Henry J. Megarey (American, 1818–1845 New York) (published all 20 plates)
Publisher:
W. B. Gilley (New York, NY) (published 4 plates in first number)
Publisher:
John Mill (Charleston, South Carolina) (published 4 plates in first number)
Printer:
William and Charles Rollinson (American, active ca. 1808–33) (printed 4 plates in first number)
Date:
1821–25
Medium:
Aquatint printed in color with hand-coloring; first and second states
Dimensions:
Book: 19 5/8 x 26 3/4 x 1 1/2 in. (49.8 x 67.9 x 3.8 cm) Image: 14 1/16 x 20 3/16 in. (35.7 x 51.3 cm) Sheet: 19 x 24 1/2 in. (48.3 x 62.2 cm)
Classifications:
Books, Albums
Credit Line:
The Edward W. C. Arnold Collection of New York Prints, Maps and Pictures, Bequest of Edward W. C. Arnold, 1954
Accession Number:
54.90.1274(1-20)
Not on view
This bound set of hand-colored aquatints by John Hill offers views along more than two hundred miles of the Hudson River, from Lake Luzerne, in the foothills of the Adirondacks, down to New York City. Enhanced by John Agg's evocative descriptions, the prints are considered some of the finest produced in 19th century America, and are based on watercolors that the Irish-born William Guy Wall made in the summer of 1820. John Rubens Smith was initially hired as printmaker, then quickly replaced by John Hill (both men originally Londoners). Between 1821 and 1825, Hill finished the four plates started by Smith, and executed sixteen more, to create a full set of twenty (twenty-four had obeen planned, and the change led to some irregular numbering, corrected in a second 1828 edition).
54.90.1274(1) Plate 1: Little Falls at Luzerne [2nd of third number, 1822-23].
54.90.1274(2) Plate 2: Junction of the Sacandaga and Hudson Rivers [2nd of first number, 1821-22].
54.90.1274(3) Plate 3: View Near Jessups Landing [1st of first number, 1821-22].
54.90.1274(4) Plate 4: Rapids Above Hadley's Falls [1st of third number, 1822-23].
54.90.1274(5) Plate 5: Hadley's Falls [4th of first number, 1821-22].
54.90.1274(6) Plate 6: Glenns Falls [2nd of second number, 1822].
54.90.1274(7) Plate 7: View Near Sandy Hill [3rd of third number, 1822-23].
54.90.1274(8) Plate 8: Baker's Falls [1st of fourth number, 1823-24].
54.90.1274(9) Plate 10 (later Plate 9): View Near Fort Miller [1st of second number, 1822].
54.90.1274(10) Plate 10: Fort Edward [4th of third number, 1822-23].
54.90.1274(11) Plate 11: Troy from Mount Ida [3rd of first number, 1821-22].
54.90.1274(12) Plate 13: Hudson [1st of fifth number, 1825].
54.90.1274(13) Plate 14: Newburgh [3rd of fifth number, 1825].
54.90.1274(14) Plate 15 (later Plate 12): View Near Hudson [3rd of second number, 1822].
54.90.1274(15) Plate 15: View from Fishkill looking towards Westpoint [2nd of fifth number, 1825].
54.90.1274(16) Plate 16: West Point [4th of fifth number, 1825].
54.90.1274(17) Plate 17: View Near Fishkill [4th of fourth number, 1823-24] .
54.90.1274(18) Plate 19: Palisades [2nd of fourth number, 1823-24].
54.90.1274(19) Plate 20: New York from Governor's Island [4th of second number, 1822].
54.90.1274(20) Plate 22 (later Plate 18): View Near Fort Montgomery [3rd of fourth number, 1823-24].
Edward W. C. Arnold; Donor: Bequest of Edward W. C. Arnold
Stokes III.573.1-20; Fielding III.626-643, 1460-61; Koke 1961, 75-94
Isaac Newton Phelps Stokes The Iconography of Manhattan Island, 1498-1909, compiled from original sources. 5 vols., 1915–1928, vol. III, p. 573, nos. 1-20, pl. 89.

Mantle Fielding American Engravers upon Copper and Steel: Biographical Sketches and Check Lists of Engravings: A Supplement of David McNeely Stauffer's American Engravers. 1917, vol. III, nos. 626-43, pp. 134-6, pl. 89, nos. 1460-61, p. 251.

Whitman Bennett A Practical Guide to American Nineteenth Century Color Plate Books. New York, 1949, p. 60.

Richard J. Koke "John Hill, Master of Aquatint, 1770–1850." New-York Historical Society Quarterly. vol. 43, no. 1, January 1959, pp. 52, 86-91, 101.

Richard J. Koke A Checklist of the American Engravings of John Hill (1770-1850): Master of Aquatint, Together with a List of Prints Colored by Him and a List of His Extant Original Drawings. New-York Historical Society, 1961, nos. 75-94, pp. 29-41.

Catherine Hoover Voorsanger, John K. Howat Art and the Empire City: New York, 1825–1861. Exh. cat., Metropolitan Museum of Art, Sept. 19, 2000 to Jan. 7, 2001. New York and New Haven, 2000, Fig. 79, p. 111, Pl. 15 (acc. no. should be 54.90.1274(14) not 54.90.158); no. 114, pp. 448, 582 Plate 20 (acc. no. should be 54.90.1274(19) not (18); fig. 152, pp. 194-5, Pl. 19.

Kevin J. Avery American Watercolors and Drawings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Voume I, A Catalogue of Works by Artists Born before 1835. New York, 2002, Hill's various roles in "The Hudson River Portfolio" summarized, cat. no. 14, p. 104.

Roberta J. M. Olson, Alexandra Mazzitelli Drawn by New York: six centuries of watercolors and drawings at the New-York Historical Society. 2008, Discusses the American careers of Hill and Wall, and the latter's watercolors for the Hudson River Portfolio, the eight known survivals of which are at the New York Historical Society, pp. 98-99, 166-68.



Related Objects

Newburg [Newburgh] (No. 14 of The Hudson River Portfolio)

Artist: John Hill (American (born England), London 1770–1850 Clarksville, New York) Date: 1825 Medium: Aquatint printed in color with hand-coloring; first state of two (Koke) Accession: 54.90.1274(13) On view in:Not on view

Baker's Falls (No. 8 of The Hudson River Portfolio)

Artist: John Hill (American (born England), London 1770–1850 Clarksville, New York) Date: 1823–24 Medium: Aquatint printed in color with hand-coloring; first state of two (Koke) Accession: 54.90.1274(8) On view in:Not on view

Glenns Falls (No. 6 of The Hudson River Portfolio)

Artist: John Hill (American (born England), London 1770–1850 Clarksville, New York) Date: 1822 Medium: Aquatint printed in color with hand-coloring; first state of two (Koke) Accession: 54.90.1274(6) On view in:Not on view

Fort Edward (No. 10 of The Hudson River Portfolio)

Artist: John Hill (American (born England), London 1770–1850 Clarksville, New York) Date: 1822–23 Medium: Aquatint printed in color with hand-coloring; first state of three (Koke) Accession: 54.90.1274(10) On view in:Not on view

View Near Fort Miller (No. 10 (later changed to No. 9) of The Hudson River Portfolio)

Artist: John Hill (American (born England), London 1770–1850 Clarksville, New York) Date: 1822 Medium: Aquatint printed in color with hand-coloring; first state of two (Koke) Accession: 54.90.1274(9) On view in:Not on view