Art/ Collection/ Art Object

清 雙駿圖 軸
Two Horses

Qian Feng (Chinese, 1740–1795)
Qing dynasty (1644–1911)
dated 1793
Hanging scroll; ink and color on paper
Image: 48 5/8 x 20 1/4 in. (123.5 x 51.4 cm) Overall with mounting: 87 1/2 x 25 3/4 in. (222.3 x 65.4 cm) Overall with knobs: 87 1/2 x 29 15/16 in. (222.3 x 76 cm)
Credit Line:
The C. C. Wang Family Collection, Gift of C. C. Wang, 1997
Accession Number:
Not on view
Executed at the height of the artist's career, Two Horses is a study in complements: dark and light horses; earthen shoreline and rocky outcrop; and contrasting species of trees. Charged with distinguishing between truth and falsehood, good and evil, Qian's imagery seems to reflect the powerful contending forces with which he had to deal during his precariously balanced career. His distinctive use of shading to model forms reveals the growing impact of European engravings and painting techniques on Chinese artists of this period.
A noted calligrapher who also specialized in the painting of horses, Qian Feng is best known for twice risking his life by bringing charges against unscrupulous officials linked to the Qianlong emperor's favorite, the notoriously corrupt Heshen (1758–1799). Since the connoisseurship of fine horses was a metaphor for the ability to judge and select men for government service, Qian's artistic specialization was particularly appropriate in light of his official duties, which required him to evaluate the performance of his peers in the bureaucracy.
Signature: The artist has added a one-column inscription along the righthand margin that reads: For the pure enjoyment of Mr. Yunfu. Early autumn in the guiqiu year (1793). [signed] Feng, followed by two artist's seals: Fengyin; Nanyuan

Marking: Collectors' seals:
Xia Tingjianding
Xia Ting cang shuhua yin
Bo ? miwan
Yan shi ziyizhai cang shuhua yin
? zhai mishang
? ? shi zhi miqu zhi yin
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Artist as Collector: Masterpieces of Chinese Painting from the C.C.Wang Family Collection," September 2, 1999–January 9, 2000.

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