Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Entrance to a Dutch Port

Artist:
Willem van de Velde II (Dutch, Leiden 1633–1707 London)
Date:
ca. 1665
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
25 7/8 x 30 5/8 in. (65.7 x 77.8 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Bequest of William K. Vanderbilt, 1920
Accession Number:
20.155.6
Not on view
In 1672 the artist and his father, Willem van de Velde the Elder, moved from Amsterdam to England, where they were awarded pensions from Charles II and the duke of York. This picture dates from the early Dutch period, about 1665, but it is already remarkably mature in its balance between meticulous draftsmanship and broad effects of daylight and atmosphere.
Inscription: Signed (lower left): W.V.V.
?J. B. Horion, Brussels (until his d.; his estate sale, Brussels, September 1ff., 1788, no. 170, for 196 florins to Pauwels); ?François Pauwels, Brussels (1788–1803; his estate sale, Brussels, August 22, 1803, no. 111, for 7,100 florins); ?Gerrit Muller, Amsterdam and Brussels (until 1827; his sale, April 2, 1827, no. 73, for fl. 6,476 to Nieuwenhuys); ?Chrétien J. Nieuwenhuys, Brussels (1827–33; his sale, Christie's, London, May 10–11, 1833, no. 121, as "The Entrance of a Port in Holland," for 710 gns., bought in); ?Captain Octavius Henry Cyril Vernon Harcourt, London (by 1834–at least 1843); or Richard Foster, Clewer Manor, Windsor, Berkshire (until d. 1830); his son, Edmund Foster, Clewer Manor (1830–d. 1862); his son, Edmund Benson Foster, Clewer Manor (until 1862–76; sale, collection of the late Richard Foster, Christie's, London, June 3, 1876, no. 11, as "A Calm," for £2,062.10 to Samuels); William K. Vanderbilt, New York (until d. 1920; bought for £6,000)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Landscape Paintings," May 14–September 30, 1934, no. 27.

Providence. Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design. "Masterpieces of Dutch Painting," December 11, 1938–January 25, 1939, no catalogue [corresponds to Stechow 1938].

Detroit Institute of Arts. "Thirty-Eight Great Paintings from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," October 2–28, 1951, no catalogue.

Art Gallery of Toronto. "Thirty-Eight Great Paintings from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," November 14–December 12, 1951, no catalogue.

City Art Museum of St. Louis. "Thirty-Eight Great Paintings from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," January 6–February 4, 1952, no catalogue.

Seattle Art Museum. "Thirty-Eight Great Paintings from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," March 1–June 30, 1952, no catalogue.

Milwaukee Auditorium. "Metropolitan Art Museum $1,000,000 Masterpiece Exhibition," March 7–14, 1953, unnumbered cat. (p. 15).

Austin, Tex. City Coliseum. "Texas Fine Arts Festival: Metropolitan Museum $1,000,000 Collection of Old Masters," April 18–26, 1953, unnum. checklist.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Age of Rembrandt: Dutch Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art," September 18, 2007–January 6, 2008, no catalogue.

C. J. Nieuwenhuys. A Review of the Lives and Works of Some of the Most Eminent Painters: With Remarks on the Opinions and Statements of Former Writers. London, 1834, pp. 254–55, no. 61, states that in 1803 it was in the collection of M. F. Pauwels in Brussels, and in 1827 in that of De Heer Gerrit Muller, in Amsterdam, where he purchased it for fl. 6,476; gives its present location as the collection of Captain Harcourt.

John Smith. A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of the Most Eminent Dutch, Flemish, and French Painters. Vol. 6, London, 1835, pp. 354–55, no. 125, as sold for 3,313 florins at the Pauwels sale of 1803, for 6,025 florins at the Muller sale of 1827, and as bought in for 710 gns. at the Nieuwenhuys sale of 1833.

J[ohannes]. Immerzeel Jr. De levens en werken der Hollandsche en Vlaamsche kunstschilders, beeldhouwers, graveurs en bouwmeesters. Vol. 3, Amsterdam, 1843, p. 161, records a "kapitaal stuk" sold for fl. 6,025 in the Muller sale of 1827 and now owned by Captain Harcourt in London, possibly this picture.

George Redford. "Mr. Foster's Clewer Manor Collection." Times (June 5, 1876), p. 12 [reprinted in George Redford, "Art Sales," London, 1888, vol. 1, p. 247], states that "this very fine example was received with applause and put up at 500 guineas, falling at the price of £2,367.10s".

"The William K. Vanderbilt Bequest." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 15 (December 1920), p. 268, as from the Nieuwenhuys and Clieve [Clewer] Manor collections.

C[ornelis]. Hofstede de Groot. A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of the Most Eminent Dutch Painters of the Seventeenth Century. Ed. Edward G. Hawke. Vol. 7, London, 1923, p. 79, no. 283, as no. 170 in the J. B. Horion sale, Brussels, September 1, 1788, where it sold for 196 florins to Pauwels, and as later in the sale of Richard Foster of Clewer Manor, London, June 3, 1876, where it sold for £2,062.10 to Samuels.

Wolfgang Stechow. Dutch Painting in the Seventeenth Century. Providence, 1938, unpaginated, pl. 58 [corresponds to Exh. Providence 1938–39].

M. S. Robinson. Van de Velde: A Catalogue of the Paintings of the Elder and the Younger Willem van de Velde. Greenwich, 1990, vol. 1, pp. 416–18, no. 29, ill., as "A Kaag Alongside a Groyne with Other Shipping Near the Shore," and as "painted probably entirely by [Willem van de Velde] the Younger for the Van de Velde studio"; dates it about 1665; on the basis of "old chalk marks on the middle vertical stretcher: June 3 / 76," seen in 1975, links it with the Clewer Manor sale; states that this is confirmed by a note in Smith's copy of his catalogue, which reads "Now in the Coll. of Edmd Foster Esqr"; gives further inconclusive provenance information.

Esmée Quodbach. "The Age of Rembrandt: Dutch Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 65 (Summer 2007), pp. 37–38, fig. 44 (color).

Walter Liedtke. Dutch Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2007, vol. 2, pp. 863–65, no. 201, colorpl. 201.



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