Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Altarpiece (retablo) with Scenes from the Passion

Artist:
Attributed to Master Morata (Spanish, Aragon, active 1470–1505)
Date:
second half 15th century
Geography:
Made in Aragon, Spain
Culture:
Spanish
Medium:
Tempera, gilt, wood
Dimensions:
Overall: 56 x 120 3/4 x 3 in., 178lb. (142.2 x 306.7 x 7.6 cm, 80740.3g)
Classification:
Paintings-Panels
Credit Line:
Gift of W. M. Laffan, 1910
Accession Number:
10.12a, b
On view at The Met Cloisters in Gallery 20
Forming the left side of a large fixed altar are scenes representing the events preceding the Crucifixion of Jesus. From left to right, they are: the Agony in the Garden, the Betrayal, Christ before Caiaphas, Christ Crowned with Thorns, the Flagellation, and Christ before Pilate. In medallions are heads of apostles with scrolls inscribed (in Latin) with the opening phrases of the Apostles’ Creed, a statement that summarizes Christian belief (I believe in God, the Father almighty, creator of heaven and earth / And in Jesus Christ, his only son, Our Lord / Who was conceived of the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin
Mary / [of the father] almighty, from there he will come to judge the living and the dead / I believe in the Holy Spirit / the holy Catholic Church, [the communion of] saints). The right side of the altar would have continued the story of the Passion, leading to the Resurrection, with the remainder of the apostles and of the text of the Creed shown below. A tabernacle to house the chalice and paten used in the Eucharist (Holy Communion) may have separated the two sections.
Inscription: (on scrolls) with Apostle's Creed
Markus Antocolsky(until 1901) ; [his sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris (June 10-12, 1901, no. 170)] ; William M. Laffan, New York (by 1907–d. 1909)
Fry, Roger E. "An Altarpiece of the Catalan School." The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs 13, no. 62 (May 1908). pp. 122–24, pl. II.

Baetjer, Katharine. European Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art by artists born in or before 1865: A summary catalogue. Vol. 1. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1980. pp. 117-18.

Baetjer, Katharine. European Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art by artists born in or before 1865: A summary catalogue. Vol. 2. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1980. p. 194.

Sobré, Judith Berg. "Two Fifteenth-Century Aragonese Retables and Painters of the Calatayud Group." Metropolitan Museum Journal 15 (1980). pp. 94-118, fig. 4.

Baetjer, Katharine. European Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art by artists born in or before 1895: A summary catalogue. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1995. p. 151.



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