Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Quatrefoil Roundel with Arms and Secular Scenes

Date:
1490–1500
Geography:
Made in Nuremberg, Germany
Culture:
German
Medium:
Pot-metal glass, white glass, vitreous paint, and silver stain
Dimensions:
Diam: 12 1/4 in. (31.1 cm)
Classification:
Glass-Stained
Credit Line:
Samuel P. Avery Memorial Fund, 1911
Accession Number:
11.120.1
On view at The Met Cloisters in Gallery 13
In the center of this panel are the imperial arms of Austria. The scenes in the quatrefoil represent a variety of secular vignettes. These scenes may signify a tournament masquerade of the type held in Nuremberg before Lent, which would explain the presence of fools, feasts, and lovers. Such imagery was understood as social satire in late medieval art. The number of similar quatrefoil panels that have survived suggests considerable popularity. The origin of the designs is uncertain, but many copies and variations were made in several Nuremberg, workshops, including that of Albrecht Dürer.
Inscription: (on the reins): VOLCN
(on the piece around horse's neck): WILNEVO
(on shield; written in reverse): W [surmounted by a crown]

Marking: Arms of Austria
Richard Zschille d. 1903(until about 1900) ; Otto von Falke(until 1911)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Gothic and Renaissance art in Nuremberg, 1350–1550," April 8, 1986–June 22, 1986.

Nuremberg, Germany. Germanisches Nationalmuseum. "Gothic and Renaissance art in Nuremberg, 1350–1550," July 24, 1986–September 28, 1986.

Hayward, Jane. "Stained-Glass Windows." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 30, no. 3 (December 1971-January 1972). p. 142.

Caviness, Madeline H., ed. Stained Glass Before 1700 in American Collections: New England and New York (Corpus Vitrearum Checklist I). Studies in the History of Art, Vol. 15. Washington, D.C.: National Art Gallery, 1985. p. 128.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art and Germanisches National Museum, Nürnberg. Gothic and Renaissance Art in Nuremberg 1300-1500. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1986. no. 66, pp. 206-07.

Husband, Timothy B. "The Dissemination of Design in Small-Scale Glass Production: The Case of the 'Medieval Handbook'." Gesta 37, no. 2 (1998). p. 181.



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