Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object
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Plaque with God Creating the Animals

Date:
1084
Geography:
Made in Amalfi
Culture:
South Italian
Medium:
Ivory
Dimensions:
Overall: 4 3/16 x 4 3/16 x 5/16 in. (10.7 x 10.6 x 0.8 cm)
Classification:
Ivories
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
17.190.156
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 304
From the Cathedral of Salerno, this plaque comes from a set of about fifty ivories depicting biblical scenes that may have decorated a large church furnishing.
J. Pierpont Morgan, London and New York
Rohault de Fleury, Charles, and George Rohault de Fleury. La Messe: études archéologiques sur ses monuments. Vol. 1. Paris: Veuve A. Morel et Cie, 1883. pp. 199–200, pl. LXXXIX bis (ill. with ensemble).

Breck, Joseph. Catalogue of Romanesque, Gothic, and Renaissance Sculpture. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1913. no. 1, pp. 3–4.

Breck, Joseph. "Pre-Gothic Ivories in the Pierpont Morgan Collection." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, o.s., 15, no. 1 (January 1920). pp. 15–16.

Goldschmidt, Adolph. Die Elfenbeinskulpturen aus der romanischen Zeit, XI.-XIII. Jahrhundert. Vol. 4. Berlin: Bruno Cassirer, 1926. no. 126, pp. 3, 36–39, pl. XLII, no. 6.

Longhurst, Margaret H. Catalogue of Carvings in Ivory. Vol. 1. London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 1927. p. 93.

Kessler, Herbert L. "An Eleventh Century Ivory Plaque from South Italy and the Cassinese Revival." Jahrbuch der Berliner Museen 8 (1966). pp. 85–86, fig. 20.

Lasko, Peter. Ars Sacra, 800-1200. 1st ed. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1972. p. 287 n. 6.

Bergman, Robert P. "A School of Romanesque Ivory Carving in Amalfi." Metropolitan Museum Journal 9 (1974). pp. 173–74, fig. 15.

Bergman, Robert P. The Salerno Ivories: Ars Sacra from Medieval Amalfi. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1980. no. 3b, pp. 1, 19, 122, fig. 4b.

Schrader, J. L. "A Medieval Bestiary." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 44, no. 1 (Summer 1986). p. 11.

Bliss, Garrett. "Griffins in Medieval Art: Survival and Adaptation." In Survival of the Gods: Classical Mythology in Medieval Art. Providence, R.I.: Brown University, 1987. p. 134.

Büchsel, Martin. "Die Schöpfungsmosaiken von San Marco: Die Ikonographie der Erschaffung des Menschen in der frühchristliche Kunst." Städel-Jahrbuch, n.s., 13 (1991). p. 39, fig. 15.

Quintavalle, Arturo Carlo, ed. Wiligelmo e Matilde: L'officina romanica. Mantova: Centro Internazionale d'Arte e di Cultura di Palazzo Te, 1991. no. 14c, pp. 364, 366.

Benton, Janetta Rebold. The Medieval Menagerie: Animals in the Art of the Middle Ages. New York: Abbeville Press, 1992. p. 14, fig. 4.

Braca, Antonio. Gli avori medievali del Museo diocesano di Salerno. Salerno: Pietro Laveglia Editore, 1994. pp. 11, 14, 41, fig. IIIb, ill. p. 27.

Lasko, Peter. Ars Sacra, 800-1200. 2nd ed. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1994. p. 292 n. 6.

Stiegemann, Christoph, and Matthias Wemhoff, ed. Canossa 1077: Erschütterung der Welt: Geschichte, Kunst und Kultur am Aufgang der Romanik. Volume 2: Catalogue. Munich: Hirmer Verlag, 2006. no. 380, pp. 274-275.

Bologna, Ferdinando, ed. L'enigma degli avori medievali da Amalfi a Salerno. Vol. 2. Pozzuoli: Paparo Edizioni, 2008. no. 14, pp. 272-75.

Bologna, Ferdinando. "Avori Medioevali da Amalfi a Salerno, senza enigmi." In L'enigma degli avori medievali da Amalfi a Salerno, edited by Ferdinando Bologna. Vol. 1. Pozzuoli: Paparo Edizioni, 2008. p. 62, (as no. 14).

Calì, Maria. "Sull'assetto originario degli avori di Salerno: storia delle testimonianze e delle supposizioni." In L'enigma degli avori medievali da Amalfi a Salerno, edited by Ferdinando Bologna. Vol. 1. Pozzuoli: Paparo Edizioni, 2008. pp. 136, 145, fig. 4, 7, (ill. as part of reconstructions).

Milone, Antonio. "La morte di Anania: un avorio salernitano perduto." In The 'Amalfi'-'Salerno' Ivories and the Medieval Mediterranean: A Notebook from the Workshop Held in Amalfi, 10-13 December 2009, edited by Francesca Dell’Acqua. Quaderni del Centro di cultura e storia amalfitana, Vol. 5. Amalfi: Centro di Cultura e Storia Amalfitana, 2011. pp. 35, 37.

Müller, Kathrin. "Old and New: Divine Revelation in the Salerno Ivories." Mitteilungen des Kunsthistorischen Institutes in Florenz 54, no. 1 (2010–2012). pp. 1, 2, fig. 3b.

Shalem, Avinoam. Die mittelalterlichen Olifante: Volume 1, Text. Die Elfenbeinskulpturen. Berlin: Deutscher Verlag für Kunstwissenschaft, 2014. pp. 72–73, fig. 68.



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