Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Virgin and Child with Cradle

Date:
ca. 1350–1400
Geography:
Made in Upper Rhineland, Germany
Culture:
German
Medium:
Ivory, traces of polychromy
Dimensions:
Overall: 12 3/8 x 5 1/16 x 3 3/8 in. (31.5 x 12.8 x 8.5 cm)
Classification:
Ivories
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
17.190.182
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 306
Here, a rare subject seems to reflect and reinforce fourteenth-century devotional practices encouraging the imitation of Mary, especially among women. Nuns in convents were often given dolls and cradles (one may be seen in the Medieval Sculpture Gallery) designed to help cultivate devotion through enacting a mother's care of the Christ Child and to prompt visionary experiences of personal encounters with him.
Count Ludwig von Paar, Vienna; [ Stefano Bardini, Florence (in 1896)]; Michel Boy (b. 1845), Paris (sold 1905); Georges Hoentschel (French, Paris 1855–1915 Paris); J. Pierpont Morgan, London and New York (until 1917)
Niffle-Anciaux, Edmond. Les repos de Jésus et les berceaux reliquaires. 2nd ed. Namur: Société Archéologique de Namur, 1896. p. 42, ill. opp. p. 48.

Catalogue officiel illustré de l'exposition retrospective de l'art français des origines à 1800. Exposition universelle de 1900. Paris: Lemercier & Cie., 1900. no. 91, p. 264, ill. p. 12.

Molinier, Émile, ed. Catalogue des Objets d'Art et de Haute Curiosité du Moyen Age et de la Renaissance: Composant la Collection de feu M. Boy. Paris: Galerie Georges Petit, May 15–24, 1905. no. 285, p. 58, ill. unnumbered pl.

Pératé, André. Collections Georges Hoentschel: Ivoires, orfèvrerie religieuse, pierres. Vol. 2. Paris: Librairie Centrale des Beaux-Arts, 1911. no. 26, fig. XXII.

Guide to the Loan Exhibition of the J. Pierpont Morgan Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1914. p. 30.

Koechlin, Raymond. Les Ivoires Gothiques Français: Volume I, Text. Paris: Editions Auguste Picard, 1924. no. 701, p. 247.

Koechlin, Raymond. Les Ivoires Gothiques Français: Volume II, Catalogue. Paris: Editions Auguste Picard, 1924. no. 701, p. 253.

Koechlin, Raymond. Les Ivoires Gothiques Français: Volume III, Plates. Paris: Editions Auguste Picard, 1924. no. 701, pl. CXIII.

Breck, Joseph, and Meyric R. Rogers. The Pierpont Morgan Wing: A Handbook. 2nd ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1929. p. 114.

Forsyth, William H. Medieval Sculptures of the Virgin and Child: A Picture Book. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1939.

Randall Jr., Richard H. Masterpieces of Ivory from the Walters Art Gallery. Walters Art Gallery, 1985. p. 204.

Little, Charles T. "Gothic Ivory Carving in Germany." In Images In Ivory: Precious Objects of the Gothic Age, edited by Peter Barnet. Detroit: Detroit Institute of Arts, 1997. p. 88, fig. VI-12.

Keller, Peter. Die Wiege des Christuskindes: ein Haushaltsgerät in Kunst und Kult. Worms: Wernersche Verlagsgesellschaft, 1998. no. B6, p. 220.

Frings, Jutta, and Jan Gerchow, ed. Krone und Schleier: Kunst aus Mittelalterlichen Frauenklöstern. Munich: Hirmer Verlag, 2005. no. 381, p. 455.

Krohn, Deborah L., Ulrich Leben, and Daniëlle O. Kisluk-Grosheide, ed. Salvaging the Past: Georges Hoentschel and French Decorative Arts from The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York and New Haven: Bard Graduate Center for Studies in the Decorative Arts, Design, and Culture, 2013. no. 134, p. 170.



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