Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Evangelist Saint Mark writing the Gospel with his symbol, the Lion, holding a scroll

11th century
Made in Cologne, Germany
Overall: 5 1/2 x 4 1/4 x 5/16 in. (13.9 x 10.8 x 0.8 cm)
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 304
This ivory likely decorated the cover of a Gospel book. The abbreviated Latin inscription refers to the opening lines of Mark’s Gospel: “I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness.” The miniature church resembles surviving monuments in Cologne, one of the most important Ottonian artistic centers. A former owner’s stamp is to the right of the desk at which Mark sits.
Inscription: Inscribed: VOX CLAMANTIS "[I am] the voice of one crying [in the wilderness]" (Mark 1:3).
comte Jean-François-Auguste de Bastard d'Estang, Paris (1792–1883); Sigismond Bardac, Paris; J. Pierpont Morgan, London and New York (until 1917)
Collas, Achille, Paul (Hippolyte) Delaroche, Louis-Pierre Henriquel-Dupont, and Charles Lenormant. Trésor de numismatique et de glyptique, ou Recueil général de médailles, monnaies, pierres gravées, bas-reliefs, etc., tant anciens que modernes, les plus intéressants sous le rapport de l'art et de l'histoire. Vol. 20. Paris: Rittner & Goupil, 1839. no. 1, p. 11, pl. XXIV.

Westwood, J. O., ed. A Descriptive Catalogue of the Fictile Ivories in the South Kensington Museum, with an Account of the Continental Collection of Classical and Medieval Ivories. London: South Kensington Museum, 1876. p. 401.

Goldschmidt, Adolph. Die Elfenbeinskulpturen aus der romanischen Zeit, XI.-XIII. Jahrhundert. Vol. 4. Berlin: Bruno Cassirer, 1926. no. 103, pp. 2, 31, pl. XXXVI.

Ostoia, Vera K. The Middle Ages: Treasures from the Cloisters and the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 1969. no. 40, pp. 90-91, 255.

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