Art/ Collection/ Art Object


Lithographic limestone
8 7/8 x 4 x 2 1/2 in. (22.5 x 10.2 x 6.4 cm)
Credit Line:
Gift of Clarence H. Mackay, Archer M. Huntington, Stephen H. P. Pell and Bashford Dean, 1928
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 303
The European-style matrices carved on this stone are thought to have been used for the decoration of Crusader gear made of hardened leather (cuir-boille) or gesso. They may have decorated ailettes, small shields worn on the shoulders by Crusaders. The two elegant fish are mullet, Mullus barbatus.
Excavated from Chamber K of Montfort/Starkenburg Castle (near modern Akko, Israel).
Dean, Bashford. "A Crusaders' Fortress in Palestine: a Report of Explorations Made by the Museum, 1926." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, o.s., 22, no. 9, pt. 2 (September 1927). pp. 26, 34, fig. 39.

Arnold, Udo, ed. 800 Jahre Deutscher Orden: Ausstellung des Germanischen Nationalmuseums Nürnberg in Zusammenarbeit mit der Internationalen Historischen Kommission zur Erforschung des Deutschen Orden. Nuremberg: Germanisches Nationalmuseum Nürnberg, 1990. no. I.1.12, pp. 16–17.

Nickel, Helmut. "About Ailettes and Achselschilde." Waffen- und Kostümkunde. Zeitschrift für Waffen- und Kleidungsgeschichte 44, no. 2 (2002). pp. 205, 207, fig. 15.

Boas, Adrian J. Montfort Castle: The Western Wing and the Great Hall. Haifa, 2012. p. 82, fig. 116.

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