Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Crucifixion (Corpus Hypercubus)

Artist:
Salvador Dalí (Spanish, Figueres 1904–1989 Figueres )
Date:
1954
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
76 1/2 x 48 3/4 in. (194.3 x 123.8 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Gift of The Chester Dale Collection, 1955
Accession Number:
55.5
Rights and Reproduction:
© 2016 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 913
Dalí utilized his theory of "nuclear mysticism," a fusion of Catholicism, mathematics, and science, to create this unusual interpretation of Christ’s crucifixion. Levitating before a hypercube—a geometric, multidimensional form—Christ’s body is healthy, athletic, and bears no signs of torture; the crown of thorns and nails are missing. The artist’s wife, Gala, poses as a devotional figure, witnessing Christ’s spiritual triumph over corporeal harm. Several dreamlike elements from Dali’s earlier Surrealist work feature in this painting: a levitating figure, vast barren landscape, and chessboard.
Inscription: Signed (lower right): Salvador Dali
Chester Dale, New York (1954–55; his gift to MMA)

Rome. Sale dell'Aurora Pallavicini. "Mostra di quadri, disegni ed oreficerie, Dalí," 1954, no. 4 (as "Corpus ipercubicus").

New York. Carstairs Gallery. "Dalí," December 1954–January 1955 (as "Corpus hibercubus").

Paris. Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou. "Salvador Dalí: Rétrospective 1920–1980," December 18, 1979–April 14, 1980, no. 318.

London. Tate Gallery. "Salvador Dalí," May 14–June 29, 1980, no. 318.

Tokyo. Isetan Museum of Art. "Retrospective Salvador Dalí," February 28–April 6, 1982, no cat. number.

Daimaru Museum, Osaka. "Retrospective Salvador Dalí," April 22–May 29, 1982, no cat. number.

Kitakyushu Municipal Museum. "Retrospective Salvador Dalí," May 8–June 6, 1982, no cat. number.

Hiroshima Prefectural Art Museum. "Retrospective Salvador Dalí," June 11–July 11, 1982, no. cat. number.

Barcelona. Palau Reial de Pedralbes. "400 obres de Salvador Dalí del 1914 al 1983," June 10–July 30, 1983.

Mexico City. Museo Rufino Tamayo. "Dos Obras Maestras de Salvador Dali," March 12–April 20, 1986, unnum. brochure.

Staatsgalerie Stuttgart. "Salvador Dalí, 1904–1989," May 13–July 23, 1989, no. 251 (as "Corpus Hypercubus" oder "Kreuzigung").

Spanish Pavilion, Seville World's Fair. "Treasures of Spanish Art," April 20–October 21, 1992, unnum. catalogue (pp.190-191).

St. Petersburg, Fla. Salvador Dalí Museum. "Crucifixion (Corpus Hypercubus)," March 13–September 4, 1994, (unnum. broch.).

Hartford, Conn. Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art. "Dalí's Optical Illusions," January 21–March 26, 2000, no. 53 (p. 165).

Washington, D. C. Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution. "Dalí's Optical Illusions," April 19–June 18, 2000, no. 53.

Philadelphia Museum of Art. "Dalí," February 16–May 15, 2005, no. 225 (as "Crucifixion [Corpus Hypercubicus]," 1953–54).

Cologne. Museum Ludwig. "Salvador Dalí: La gare de Perpignan: Pop, Op, Yes-yes, Pompier," March 18–June 25, 2006, no. 66 (as "Corpus hypercubus [Crucifixion]").

"Museum Acquires Its First Dali; 'Crucifixion' to Be Shown Today." New York Times (January 14, 1955), p. 23, ill., call it "The Crucifixion".

Theodore Rousseau, Jr. "New Accessions of Paintings." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 14 (April 1956), p. 198, ill. p. 204.

Geoffrey T. Hellman. "Profiles: Custodian." New Yorker (October 25, 1958), pp. 52, 62, 64, 74, 77.

William S. Lieberman in 20th Century Art: Selections from the Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Vol. 2, Painting: 1945–1985. New York, 1986, p. 6, 30–31, ill. (color, overall and detail).

Crucifixion. Exh. brochure, Salvador Dalí Museum. St. Petersburg, Florida, 1994, ill. cover.

Michael R. Taylor in Dawn Ades. Dalí. Exh. cat., Palazzo Grassi, Venice. London, 2004, pp. 368–71, no. 225, ill. (color, overall and detail).

Dawn Ades. Dalí. Exh. cat., Palazzo Grassi, Venice. London, 2004, p. 21.

Michael Taylor, ed. The Dalí Renaissance: New Perspectives on His Life and Art after 1940. An International Symposium. Philadelphia, 2008, pp. 9–10, 14, 45, 167, 178, 209, ill. on cover (color) and figs. 8, 9.

Frédérique Joseph–Lowery. Ray Johnson...Dali/Warhol and others, "Main Ray, Ducham, Openheim, Pikabia...". Exh. cat., Richard L. Feigen & Co. New York, 2009, pp. 9, 23, 28.



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