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Inlays and Shrine Elements

Period:
Late Period–Ptolemaic Period
Date:
380–30 B.C.
Geography:
From Egypt
Medium:
Glass, cupreous metal
Dimensions:
various measurements for group
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1921
Accession Number:
21.2.2-related
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 134
In temples, statuettes of Egyptian gods were housed in small shrines, from which they emerged for rituals. Gods also had processional barks that carried shrines in which the god remained concealed during processions within and outside the temple. Wood shrines densely inlaid with figural, hieroglyphic, and decorative glass elements are attested from the late sixth century B.C. onward. Inlay elements might be placed in separate cells or be contiguously adhered on a common background. Most such shrines are, however, only known from the jumbled masses of elements preserved in temple deposits after the shrine(s) in the deposit had decayed.

This imagined scene draws from a large group of fine, monochromatic and mosaic glass inlays that were purchased together. The scene suggests ways the elements might have been meaningfully arranged. In the upper register, a king kneels and offers globular jars of wine to a seated god and goddess on the left. In a second register, a king offers to a god who stands at the right holding a staff. The scenes reflect aspects of the normal organization of scenes, including that seated figures of gods tend to appear in upper registers of a composition and standing gods lower down. In an ancient arrangement, the orientation of the two registers would have been identical - gods on one side considered the more interior side, and kings on the other. Here, the extant fragments limited the scene recreation possibiltiie, so that the upper register shows the gods on the left and in the lower register they are shown on the right. In the lowest region are partial tyet knots and a selection of hieroglyphs that do not form words.

From the same aggregation come column drums, bronze bolts appropriately in the form of a "door bolt" and "union" hieroglyphs, a square bronze rod, and four bronze attachments. The lot also included bits of gilded plaster.
Purchased from Khaouam Brothers, Cairo, 1921.

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