Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Horus falcon figure

Period:
Late Period or Ptolemaic Period
Date:
664–30 B.C.
Geography:
From Egypt, Northern Upper Egypt, Abydos, Egypt Exploration Fund excavations, 1898
Medium:
Cupreous metal
Dimensions:
H. 8.2 cm (3 1/4 in.); W. 2.5 cm (1 in.); L. 6.3 cm (2 1/2 in.)
Credit Line:
Gift of Egypt Exploration Fund
Accession Number:
O.C.380
Not on view
The falcon god Horus stands with his wings swept back. He wears the double crown of Egypt, a royal crown that symbolizes the union of Lower and Upper Egypt, and highlights Horus’ role as the legitimate ruler of the entire land. The falcon wears the double crown because Horus and the concept of kingship were closely tied, as early as the Predynastic Period.

The falcon stands on a rectangular platform, which could have functioned in a number of ways. The figure could have been attached to a separate cupreous metal or wooden base, or it could have topped a standard modeled after those used in festival processions and on sacred barks. The falcon also could have sat on top of a hollow box intended for holding an animal mummy, like 41.160.107. Such falcon mummy boxes, or sarcophagi, would have been offered for deposition in animal necropoleis, not just in relation to the cult of Horus, but also more broadly in association with solar cult.
Excavated by the Egypt Exploration Fund at Abydos, 1898. Allotted to the EEF by the Egyptian Government in the division of finds. Given to the Museum by subscription.

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