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Under the Roman Sun: Landscape, Brigands, and the Late Grand Tour


The Departure of Saints Paula and Eustochium for the Holy Land

Giuseppe Bottani (Italian, Cremona 1717–1784 Mantua)

Oil on canvas
38 3/4 x 22 1/2 in. (98.4 x 57.2 cm)
Credit Line:
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Edward A. Friedman, in loving memory of Milton Friedman, 1991
Accession Number:
  • Gallery Label

    The Roman noblewomen Saint Eustochium and her mother Paula were disciples of Saint Jerome. Here they are shown leaving for the Holy Land, where they built four monasteries.

    The picture was painted in Rome, where Bottani worked with Pompeo Batoni. It is a finished study for Bottani's masterpiece, a large altarpiece commissioned in 1745 for the church of Saints Cosmas and Damian, Milan, and now in the Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan.

  • Catalogue Entry


  • Provenance

    [Julius Lowy, New York, until 1938; sale, American Art Association-Anderson Galleries, New York, March 23, 1938, no. 56, as by Pompeo Batoni, for $85 to Neuhoff]; Jerome C. Neuhoff (1938–86; sale, Sotheby's, New York, January 17, 1986, no. 67, for $6,325 to Friedman); Edward and Karen Friedman, New York (1986–91)

  • References

    Jacob Bean and William Griswold. 18th Century Italian Drawings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1990, p. 35, note that this work is closer to the final painting than to the drawing.

  • Notes

    This painting is a modello for an altarpiece for the church of Saints Cosmas and Damian, Milan, dated 1745, and painted in Rome. The altarpiece is now in the Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan. The Museum also owns a squared, red chalk drawing for the altarpiece dated 1740 (1987.245). The subject is the departure of the Roman widow Saint Paula and her daughter Saint Eustochium for the Holy Land to join Saint Jerome. They take leave of Paula's other children, Rufina and Toxotius.

  • See also
    In the Museum