The Hidden Brook

Gustave Courbet (French, Ornans 1819–1877 La Tour-de-Peilz)

ca. 1873–77
Oil on canvas
23 3/8 x 29 3/4 in. (59.4 x 75.6 cm)
Credit Line:
From the Collection of James Stillman, Gift of Dr. Ernest G. Stillman, 1922
Accession Number:
  • Gallery Label

    During his self-imposed exile in Switzerland (1873–77), Courbet, with the help of studio assistants, produced repetitions and variations of earlier compositions. This forest evokes the landscape of the artist's native Franche-Comté, particularly his views of the Puits-Noir (Black Well). The subject of his first success as a landscape painter, in 1855, it would recur in his work for more than a decade.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: Signed (lower right): G. Courbet

  • Provenance

    James Stillman, Paris and New York (until d. 1918); his son, Ernest Goodrich Stillman, New York (until 1922)

  • Exhibition History

    Venice. Biennale. "IX Biennale di Venezia: Mostra individuale di Gustave Courbet," April 22–October 31, 1910, no. 9 (as "Paesaggio—raggio di sole," possibly this picture).

    Newark Museum. "19th-Century French and American Paintings from the Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art," April 9–May 15, 1946, no. 6 (as "Landscape").

    American Federation of the Arts. "A Landscape View of 19th Century France (circulating exhibition)," September 1, 1954–1957, no catalogue?

    Palm Beach. Society of the Four Arts. "Paintings of the Barbizon School," January 6–29, 1962, no. 9 (as "Landscape").

  • References

    B[ryson]. B[urroughs]. "An Anonymous Gift." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 17 (March 1922), p. 55, ill. p. 58, calls it "Pond in the Valley".

    Charles Sterling and Margaretta M. Salinger. "XIX Century." French Paintings: A Catalogue of the Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2, New York, 1966, p. 112, ill., call it "The Hidden Brook" and date it about 1855.

    Robert Fernier. "Peintures, 1819–1865." La vie et l'oeuvre de Gustave Courbet. 1, Lausanne, 1977, p. 250, no. 460, ill. p. 251, calls it "Paysage rocheux, vallée de la Loue"; dates it 1865.

    Pierre Courthion. L'opera completa di Courbet. Milan, 1985, p. 99, no. 439, ill. p. 98, dates it 1865.

  • See also