A Woman and Two Men in an Arbor

Pieter de Hooch (Dutch, Rotterdam 1629–1684 Amsterdam)

ca. 1657–58
Oil on wood
Overall 17 3/8 x 14 3/4 in. (44.1 x 37.5 cm); painted surface 17 x 14 3/8 in. (43.2 x 36.5 cm)
Credit Line:
Bequest of Harry G. Sperling, 1971
Accession Number:
  • Catalogue Entry


  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: Signed (lower left, largely illegible): P. [de hoogh?]

  • Provenance

    David P. Sellar, London (until 1894; sale, Christie's, London, March 17, 1894, no. 111, for £105 to A. Smith); M. van Slochem, New York (in 1912); M. van Gelder, Uccle, near Brussels (in 1929); John Ringling, Sarasota (until 1930; sold to Böhler); [Julius Böhler, Munich, 1930; sold to Neuerburg]; Hermann Neuerburg, Hamburg (from 1930); Gottfried Neuerburg, Cologne (until 1961; sold to Böhler); [Julius Böhler, Munich, 1961–67; sold to Kleinberger]; [Kleinberger, New York, 1967–75; bequeathed by Harry G. Sperling, last surviving partner of firm, to MMA]

  • Exhibition History

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Age of Rembrandt: Dutch Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art," September 18, 2007–January 6, 2008, no catalogue.

  • References

    C[ornelis]. Hofstede de Groot. A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of the Most Eminent Dutch Painters of the Seventeenth Century. 1, London, 1907, p. 562, no. 306, as formerly in the Sellar collection; states that Dr. Bredius considers it genuine.

    W[ilhelm von]. Bode. Letter. March 3, 1912, dates it about 1657–59.

    Wilhelm R. Valentiner. Pieter de Hooch. New York, [1930], pp. XIV, 270, ill. p. 37 [German ed., 1929, pp. XVI–XVII, 270–71, ill. p. 37], as "Officer and Hostess"; dates it about 1656.

    Peter C. Sutton. Pieter de Hooch. Ithaca, N.Y., 1980, p. 80, no. 23, pl. 20, as "surely genuine"; dates it about 1657–60.

    Daniëlle H. A. C. Lokin in Delft Masters, Vermeer's Contemporaries. Exh. cat., Prinsenhof, Delft. Zwolle, The Netherlands, 1996, p. 109, fig. 93, dates it about 1657–60.

    Walter Liedtke. Dutch Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2007, vol. 1, pp. 360–62, no. 85, colorpl. 85, dates it about 1657–58.

    Esmée Quodbach. "The Age of Rembrandt: Dutch Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 65 (Summer 2007), pp. 61, 70.

    Walter Liedtke. Vermeer: The Complete Paintings. Antwerp, 2008, p. 72, fig. 6a.

  • See also