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The Artistic Heritage of Modena: At the Origin of the Galleria Estense


A Panoramic Landscape with a Country Estate

Philips Koninck (Dutch, Amsterdam 1619–1688 Amsterdam)

ca. 1649
Oil on canvas
56 3/8 x 68 1/4 in. (143.2 x 173.4 cm)
Credit Line:
John Stewart Kennedy Fund, 1911
Accession Number:
  • Gallery Label

    This ambitious work is one of the artist’s first compositions on a large scale. The foreground is somewhat awkwardly arranged, but the sunlit plain in the distance seems to announce Koninck’s mature style of panoramic landscape painting. Earlier Dutch landscape and marine painters had surveyed sweeping views of earth and sky, but Koninck (who knew Rembrandt well) introduces dramatic contrasts of light and shadow and a sense of nature as a constantly changing force.

  • Catalogue Entry


  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: Signed and dated (lower right): P. koninck / 164[9?]

  • Provenance

    sale [de Smeth and others], Lebrun, Paris, April 15ff., 1811, no. 82, for Fr 430 to Henri; John Pemberton Heywood, Norris Green, Lancashire, and Cloverly Hall, Shropshire (until 1893; posthumous sale, Christie's, London, June 10, 1893, no. 54, for 900 gns. [£945] to Quilter); Harry Quilter, London (until 1906; his sale, Christie's, London, April 7, 1906, no. 128, for £787.10.0 to Weatherly); [R. Langton Douglas and another dealer, London, until 1911; sold to MMA]

  • Exhibition History

    Athens. National Gallery Alexandros Soutzos Museum. "From El Greco to Cézanne: Masterpieces of European Painting from the National Gallery of Art, Washington, and The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," December 13, 1992–April 11, 1993, no. 20.

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Age of Rembrandt: Dutch Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art," September 18, 2007–January 6, 2008, no catalogue.

  • References

    "In the Sale Room." Connoisseur 15 (June 1906), p. 136, states that it brought 750 gns at the Quilter sale of 1906, and 900 gns at the Heywood sale of 1893.

    "Landscape by Philips de Koninck." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 7 (January 1912), p. 13, ill. p. 11.

    Horst Gerson. Philips Koninck. Berlin, 1936, pp. 15–17, 19–20, 109, no. 46, pl. 18, includes provenance information.

    Wolfgang Stechow. Dutch Landscape Painting of the Seventeenth Century. London, 1966, pp. 44–45, fig. 76.

    P[ieter]. J. J. van Thiel. "Philips Konincks Vergezicht met hutten aan de weg." Bulletin van het Rijksmuseum 15 (1967), p. 111.

    Carlos van Hasselt. Dessins de paysagistes hollandais du XVIIe siècle. Exh. cat., Bibliothèque Albert 1er. [Brussels], 1968, vol. 1, p. 91, under no. 89.

    C. M. Kauffmann. Catalogue of Foreign Paintings. London, 1973, vol. 1, p. 164, under no. 202.

    Madlyn Millner Kahr. Dutch Painting in the Seventeenth Century. New York, 1978, p. 211, fig. 161.

    Denys Sutton. "Robert Langton Douglas, Part III, XIV: Agent for the Metropolitan Museum." Apollo 109 (June 1979), pp. 421, 423, fig. 20, gives provenance information.

    Walter A. Liedtke in The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Notable Acquisitions, 1979–1980. New York, 1980, p. 41.

    John Walsh Jr. and Cynthia P. Schneider. A Mirror of Nature: Dutch Paintings from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Edward William Carter. Exh. cat., Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Los Angeles, 1981, p. 69, under no. 16.

    Werner Sumowski. Drawings of the Rembrandt School. 6, New York, 1982, p. 3280, under no. 1479.

    Werner Sumowski. "B. Keil–J. Ovens." Gemälde der Rembrandt-Schüler. 3, Landau/Pfalz, 1983–[94?], pp. 1533, 1545, no. 1046, ill. p. 1596.

    Werner Sumowski. "J. A. Backer–A. van Dijck." Gemälde der Rembrandt-Schüler. 1, Landau/Pfalz, 1983–[94?], p. 428, under no. 191.

    William W. Robinson in From Michelangelo to Rembrandt: Master Drawings from the Teyler Museum. Exh. cat., Pierpont Morgan Library. New York, 1989, p. 115, under no. 73.

    Capolavori europei dalla Romania. Exh. cat., Palazzo Ducale. Venice, 1991, p. 99.

    Deborah Krohn et al. in From El Greco to Cézanne: Masterpieces of European Painting from the National Gallery of Art, Washington, and The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Exh. cat., National Gallery Alexandros Soutzos Museum. Athens, 1992, p. 307, no. 20, ill. (color) [catalogue section unpaginated].

    Elsbeth Wiemann in Die Entdeckung der Landschaft: Meisterwerke der niederländischen Kunst des 16. & 17. Jahrhunderts. Exh. cat., Staatsgalerie Stuttgart. Cologne, 2005, p. 135.

    Walter Liedtke. Dutch Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2007, vol. 1, pp. 404, 407, 409–11, no. 102, colorpl. 102.

  • See also
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History