The Italian Woman

Amedeo Modigliani (Italian, Livorno 1884–1920 Paris)

Oil on canvas
40 3/8 x 26 3/8 in. (102.6 x 67cm)
Credit Line:
Gift of The Chester Dale Collection, 1956
Accession Number:
  • Description

    The identity of the patient-looking sitter is unknown. Modigliani might have chosen her because she was a compatriot. Most of the artist's models were not professionals, except those he hired for his pictures of female nudes.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: Signed (upper right): modigliani

  • Provenance

    [Leopold Zborowski, Paris]; Monsieur Bradly, Paris; [Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, in 1930]; Chester Dale, New York (by 1931–56; his gift to MMA)

  • Exhibition History

    Paris. Galerie B. Weill. "Exposition des peintures et des dessins de Modigliani," December 3–30, 1917, no. 19 (as "L'Italienne") [possibly this picture?].

    New York. De Hauke & Co., Inc. "30 Years of French Painting, 1900–1930: 30 Paintings by 30 Artists," October 1–19, 1929, no. 21 (as "L'Italienne") [possibly this picture].

    Paris. Galeries Georges Petit. "Cent ans de peinture française," June 15–30, 1930, no. 52 (as "L'Italienne").

    New York. Demotte, Inc. "Amedeo Modigliani, 1884–1920: Retrospective Exhibition of Paintings," November 7–28, 1931, no. 20 (as "L'Italienne," lent by Mr. Chester Dale, New York).

    Brussels. Palais des beaux arts. "Modigliani," November 1933, no. 76 (as "L'Italienne," lent by Chester Dale, New York).

    Kunsthalle Basel. "Modigliani," January 7–February 4, 1934, no. 66 (as "L'Italienne," lent by Mrs. Chester Dale, New York).

    Philadelphia Museum of Art. "Paintings from the Chester Dale Collection," 1943, unnumbered cat. (as "Italian Woman," c. 1915).

    Brussels. Palais international des beaux arts. "50 ans d'art moderne: Exposition universelle et internationale," April 17–July 21, 1958, no. 226 (as "Femme italienne").

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Masterpieces of Fifty Centuries," November 15, 1970–February 15, 1971, no. 394.

    Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris. "Amedeo Modigliani, 1884–1920," March 26–June 28, 1981, no. 71 (dated 1918).

    National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo. "Modigliani," July 19–September 29, 1985, no. 92 (dated 1918).

    Nagoya. Aichi Prefectural Art Gallery. "Modigliani," October 23–November 7, 1985, no. 92.

    Yokohama Museum of Art. "Treasures from The Metropolitan Museum of Art: French Art from the Middle Ages to the Twentieth Century," March 25–June 4, 1989, no. 164.

    Martigny. Fondation Pierre Gianadda. "Modigliani," June 19–October 28, 1990, no. 93.

    Madrid. Centro de Arte Reina Sofía. "Memoria del futuro: Arte Italiano desde las primeras vanguardias a la posguerra," October 31, 1990–January 15, 1991, unnumbered cat. (p. 250).

    Tokyo. Tobu Museum of Art. "Exposition Amedeo Modigliani au Japon," November 3–December 23, 1992, no. 36 (as "Portrait de l'Italienne").

    Daimaru Museum, Kyoto. "Exposition Amedeo Modigliani au Japon," December 31, 1992–January 12, 1993, no. 36.

    Daimaru Museum, Osaka. "Exposition Amedeo Modigliani au Japon," January 20–February 8, 1993, no. 36.

    Museum of Modern Art, Ibaraki. "Exposition Amedeo Modigliani au Japon," February 20–March 28, 1993, no. 36.

    Lausanne. Fondation de L'Hermitage. "Les Peintres de Zborowski: Modigliani, Utrillo, Soutine et leurs amis," June 24–October 23, 1994, no. 16.

    Museo d'Arte Moderna, Lugano. "Amedeo Modigliani," March 28–June 27, 1999, no. 56.

    Buffalo. Albright Knox Art Gallery. "Modigliani and the Artists of Montparnasse," October 19, 2002–January 12, 2003, no. 20.

    Fort Worth. Kimbell Art Museum. "Modigliani and the Artists of Montparnasse," February 9–May 25, 2003, no. 20.

    Los Angeles County Museum of Art. "Modigliani and the Artists of Montparnasse," June 29–September 28, 2003, no. 20.

    New York. The Jewish Museum. "Modigliani: Beyond the Myth," May 21–September 19, 2004, unnumbered cat. (pl. 68).

    Toronto. Art Gallery of Ontario. "Modigliani: Beyond the Myth," October 23, 2004–January 23, 2005, unnumbered cat. (pl. 68).

    Washington. The Phillips Collection. "Modigliani: Beyond the Myth," February 19–May 29, 2005, unnumbered cat. (pl. 68).

    London. Royal Academy of Arts. "Modigliani and His Models," July 8–October 15, 2006, no. 22.

  • References

    Edward Alden Jewell. "New Season Opens in Local Galleries." New York Times (October 6, 1929), p. X12 [possibly this picture].

    Maud Dale. "Modigliani." Formes, no. 18 (October 1931), ill. between pp. 122 and 123.

    Umbro Apollonio. "Amedeo Modigliani, 1884–1920." Cahiers d'art 25 (1950), ill. p. 173.

    Arthur Pfannstiel. Modigliani et son œuvre. Paris, 1956, pp. 154–55, no. 297.

    Theodore Rousseau, Jr. "New Accessions of Paintings." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 14 (April 1956), p. 198, ill. p. 203.

    Ambrogio Ceroni. Amedeo Modigliani, peintre: Suivi des "souvenirs' de Lunia Czechowska. Milan, 1958, p. 60, no. 110, ill.

    Charles Sterling and Margaretta M. Salinger. French Paintings: A Catalogue of the Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Vol. 3, XIX–XX Centuries. New York, 1967, pp. 241–42, ill.

    Nello Ponente. Modigliani. New York, 1969, p. 34, colorpl. 47.

    Ambrogio Ceroni. I dipinti di Modigliani. Milan, 1970, p. 101, no. 268, ill. [French ed., 1972].

    Kenneth Clark. Masterpieces of Fifty Centuries. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1970, pp. 323, 326, no. 394, ill.

    J[oseph]. Lanthemann. Modigliani, 1884–1920, catalogue raisonné: Sa vie, son œuvre complet, son art. Barcelona, 1970, p. 130, no. 336, ill. p. 248.

    Douglas Hall. Modigliani. Oxford, 1984, unpaginated, under no. 41, fig. 35.

    Gaston Diehl. Modigliani. rev. ed. [1st ed., 1969]. New York, 1989, ill. p. 85 (color).

    Lowery S. Sims in Treasures from The Metropolitan Museum of Art: French Art from the Middle Ages to the Twentieth Century. Exh. cat., Yokohama Museum of Art. Tokyo, 1989, p. 202, no. 164, ill. (color).

    Christian Parisot. Modigliani: Catalogue raisonné. Vol. 2, Peintures, dessins, aquarelles. Ed. Giorgio and Guido Guastalla. Livorno, 1991, pp. 328–29, no. 23/1918, ill. p. 207.

    Osvaldo Patani.Amedeo Modigliani: Catalogo generale. Vol. 1, Dipinti. Milan, 1991, p. 283, no. 281, ill. (color).

    Marc Restellini in Exposition Amedeo Modigliani au Japon. Exh. cat., Tobu Museum of Art. Tokyo, 1992, pp. 124–25, 204, no. 36, ill. (color).

    Joachim Pissarro in Les Peintres de Zborowski: Modigliani, Utrillo, Soutine et leurs amis. Exh. cat., Fondation de L'Hermitage. Lausanne, 1994, p. 165, no. 16, ill. (color).

    Marie Christine Decroocq in Amedeo Modigliani. Exh. cat., Museo d'Arte Moderna, Lugano. Milan, 1999, pp. 123, 198, no. 56, ill. (color and bw).

    Emily Braun in Modigliani: Beyond the Myth. Ed. Mason Klein Exh. cat., Jewish Museum, New York. New Haven, 2004, pp. 27, 205, colorpl. 68.

    Mason Klein in Modigliani: Beyond the Myth. Ed. Mason Klein Exh. cat., Jewish Museum, New York. New Haven, 2004, p. 6.

    Merlin James. "Modigliani: London." Burlington Magazine 148 (October 2006), p. 703.

    Mason Klein in Modigliani. Exh. cat., Complesso del Vittoriano, Rome. Milan, 2006, p. 80, fig. 2 [Italian transl. of Ref. Klein 2004].

    Christian Parisot. Modigliani: La Vita le opere. Rome, 2006, ill. p. 286 (color).

  • See also
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History