Pair of six-panel folding screens; ink, color, and gold on gilt paper
Image (each screen): 66 15/16 x 148 in. (170 x 376 cm)
Fletcher, The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Foundation and Dodge Funds, 2010
Not on view
This pair of screens is unusual in its subject matter: the replicas of folding screens painted on the screens themselves offer a fanciful catalogue of workshop styles practiced during the Edo period. They relate to two categories of screens, one known as "Whose Sleeves?" and another called "Scattered Fans." Screens of the first type feature representations of variously patterned robes draped over racks; those in the latter category are decorated with fans that have themselves been embellished with pictures or poems. In a nod to the "Scattered Fans" format, one of the replica screens seen here features fans decorated with a range of motifs, from vegetables and insects to episodes from courtly narratives. Each compositional type invites playful comparisons between objects that are alike in form but dissimilar in design or execution.
The parade of styles on display here includes those of the Tosa, Unkoku, Rinpa, and even the Hasegawa schools of painting. Judging from the skillfully executed paintings on two of the screens, illustrating scenes from the Tale of Genji, it is likely that the artist trained primarily with a Tosa master. The Tosa School is best known for its colorful miniatures depicting the lives of the courtiers and military men of bygone eras, and it is considered the primary avenue of transmission of the yamato-e style.
Artist: Maruyama Ōkyo (Japanese, 1733–1795)Date: right screen: 1774; left screen: 1793Medium: Pair of six-panel folding screens; ink, color and gold on paperAccession: 2015.300.197.1, .2On view in:Gallery 228