Exhibitions/ Art Object

Fragment from a Turban with a Tiraz Inscription

late 10th century
Made in Egypt, Tinnis
Plain weave in blue linen with inscription in golden yellow silk thread
6 13/16 x 7 5/8 in. (17.3 x 19.3 cm)
Credit Line:
Benaki Museum, Athens (14997)
Not on view
Tiraz (pl. Turuz) are textiles usually inscribed with the name of the ruler, the state workshop in which they were woven, and the date they were produced. During the early Islamic period, they were often presented as honorific gifts. Similar works inscribed in Greek, Coptic, and Arabic were also made in private workshops.
Woven in luxurious yellow silk, the tiraz inscription in Arabic follows the standard format offering blessings to the Fatamid caliph al-‘Aziz (r. 975–96) and identifies where it was woven, "the private tiraz workshop of Tinnis," a town known for luxury goods. The date is now illegible.
Inscription: In Arabic: (1). . . [There is no God] but God, the assistance of God to the slave of God and His friend Nizar Abu al-Mansur al-ima[m al-‘Aziz billah,]; (2) . . . [the blessings of God upon him and upon his pure ancestors and] his noble descendants; this was ordered to be made in the private tiraz workshop of Tinnis in the year 37[7] or 37[9]