Exhibitions/ Art Object

Parsvanatha's Austerities: Folio from a Kalpasutra Manuscript

15th century
India (Gujarat)
Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper
Overall: 4 3/8 x 10 1/8 in. (11.1 x 25.7 cm)
Credit Line:
Anonymous Gift, 1957
Accession Number:
Not on view
Parsvanatha, the twenty-third jina, is standing in a body-abandonment meditation posture (kayotsarga) in a forest, enduring a storm sent by an evil force. He receives shelter from the naga-king Dharana, who coils his snake body around the jina and provides a canopy with his sevenhooded head. This well-known story is shared with Buddhism, and we can only speculate as to which came first; certainly Jains claim that the antiquity of Parsvanatha antedates that of the Buddha by several centuries. Indeed, Parsvanatha is claimed to have lived in the sixth century B.C. and may well be the original founder of Jainism rather than Mahavira, a near contemporary of the Buddha.
Related Objects

Devananda's Fourteen Auspicious Dreams Foretelling the Birth of Mahavira: Folio from a Kalpasutra Manuscript

Artist: Master of the Jaunpur Kalpasutra (Indian) Date: ca. 1465 Medium: Opaque watercolor on paper Accession: 1992.359 On view in:Not on view

Maharana Sarup Singh Inspects a Prize Stallion

Artist: Tara (Indian, active 1836–1870) Date: 1845–46 Medium: Opaque watercolor, ink, and gold on paper Accession: 2001.344 On view in:Gallery 464

Krishna Revels with the Gopis: Page from a Dispersed Gita Govinda (Song of the Cowherds)

Date: ca. 1630–40 Medium: Opaque watercolor and silver on paper Accession: 2003.165 On view in:Gallery 251

Shiva and Parvati Playing Chaupar: Folio from a Rasamanjari Series

Artist: Devidasa of Nurpur (active ca. 1680–ca. 1720) Date: dated 1694–95 Medium: Opaque watercolor, ink, silver, and gold on paper Accession: 57.185.2 On view in:Not on view

Leaf from a Kalpa Sutra (Jain Book of Rituals)

Artist: Bhadrabahu (Indian, died ca. 356 B.C.) Date: 15th century Medium: Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper Accession: On view in:Not on view