Tip of a Pointer

Date: 1080–1150

Geography: Made in Constantinople

Culture: Byzantine

Medium: Cloisonné enamel, gold

Dimensions: Overall: 1 x 1/2 in. (2.5 x 1.3 cm)

Classification: Enamels-Cloisonné

Credit Line: Purchase, Louis V. Bell Fund and Henry G. Keasbey Bequest, 1997

Accession Number: 1997.235


Pointers were used to assist speakers during the public reading of a manuscript. This delicately wrought and finely detailed tip of a pointer—or, less likely, a scepter—is an outstanding example of cloisonné enameling. Intimate in scale, it is entirely covered in elaborate foliate and geometric designs predominantly worked in white, red, and translucent blue enamels. Ladderlike strips of cloisons in translucent green enamel separate the decorative patterns on the sides and hide the angles of the hexagonal form. The top is a flat dome; the base is finished with alternating lobes and semicircles. The enameled patterns are similar to designs found in Byzantine manuscript illuminations of the period. The refined decoration and outstanding craftsmanship seen on this tiny masterpiece suggest that it is one of a small group of works associated with the imperial capital of Constantinople and possibly made for the royal court.