Manuscript Leaf with the Annunciation from a Book of Hours

Artist: Jean Bourdichon (French, 1457–1521 Tours)

Date: ca. 1485–90

Geography: Made in Tours, France

Culture: French

Medium: Tempera and shell gold on parchment

Dimensions: Overall: 3 3/4 x 2 3/8 in. (9.6 x 6 cm)
mat size: 11 7/8 x 11 in. (30.2 x 27.9 cm)
collectors mark in lower right corner : 3/16 x 3/16 in. (0.5 x 0.5 cm)

Classification: Manuscripts and Illuminations

Credit Line: Gift of Peter Sharrer, 2004

Accession Number: 2004.564


As part of a daily cycle of prayers in honor of the Virgin, Matins is habitually illustrated by an Annunciation, with the angel Gabriel announcing to Mary that she will bear the infant Jesus. Inhabitual, however, are details of this composition by Jean Bourdichon of Tours, the foremost illuminator to the court of France during the reigns of Louis XI, Charles VIII, Louis XII, and Francis I (1461-1547). Despite his magnificent wings, the angel appearing from the right with crossed arms seems less a heavenly apparition than a confidant. However, it is the golden light suffusing the scene that conveys an otherworldly aspect. Originally the image would have been framed by a floral border, partly visible at the upper left and upper right, and by the opening words of the prayers.