María Teresa (1638–1683), Infanta of Spain

Artist: Velázquez (Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez) (Spanish, Seville 1599–1660 Madrid)

Date: 1651–54

Medium: Oil on canvas

Dimensions: Overall 13 1/2 x 15 3/4 in. (34.3 x 40 cm); original painted surface 12 7/8 x 15 1/8 in. (32.7 x 38.4 cm)

Classification: Paintings

Credit Line: The Jules Bache Collection, 1949

Accession Number: 49.7.43


The daughter of King Philip IV of Spain, María Teresa became heir presumptive to the throne upon the death of her brother, Prince Baltasar Carlos, in 1646. In 1660, she married her first cousin, Louis XIV, and became Queen of France. This portrait, drastically cut down, may have been employed by Velázquez’s workshop as a model for official portraits of the Infanta. She wears a wig decorated with butterfly ribbons. She was also portrayed when she was seven years old by Juan Bautista Martínez del Mazo, and that painting is also in the Museum’s collection.