Capital with Four Heads

Date: ca. 1225–50

Geography: Made in Apulia, probably Troia, Italy

Culture: Italian

Medium: Limestone

Dimensions: Overall: 14 1/8 x 13 x 13 in. (35.9 x 33 x 33 cm)
Base: 7 3/4 in. (19.7 cm)
Hole for Pin Mount: 9/16 x 2 3/16 in. (1.4 x 5.5 cm)
weight: 108lb. (49kg)

Classification: Sculpture-Architectural

Credit Line: Gift of James Hazen Hyde, 1955

Accession Number: 55.66


Four heads emerge from bunches of acanthus leaves to form the corners of this capital. One is an elderly man wearing a turban, presumably a Muslim; the second is a youth with long wavy hair; the third is a Moor with tightly curled hair, prominent cheekbones, and deep-set eyes; and the fourth is a youth with curly hair. These heads, which may allude to the Nations of Man, are close in style to examples by Apulian sculptors working for the court of Emperor Frederick II Hohenstaufen (r. 1215–50).