The Card Players, 1890–92
Paul Cézanne (French, 1839–1906)
Oil on canvas; 25 3/4 x 32 1/4 in. (65.4 x 81.9 cm)
Bequest of Stephen C. Clark, 1960 (61.101.1)
This scene of peasants playing cards was undertaken in the early 1890s as part of a painting campaign, made up of five distillations of the subject. Cézanne enlisted local farmhands to serve as models, and he may have drawn inspiration for his Provençal genre scene from a painting of the same theme by the Le Nain brothers that was in the museum in Aix. The largest and most complex of Cézanne's five Card Players is the version in the Barnes Foundation in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Next comes the Metropolitan's picture, in which Cézanne tightened the composition, reducing the size by half and leaving out one figure. He continued to pare away extraneous details in each successive rendition (Courtauld Institute of Art Gallery, London; Musée d'Orsay, Paris; and private collection).