Terracotta bell-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water)

Attributed to the Chevron Group, Archidamos Sub-Group

Period: Late Classical

Date: ca. 350–325 B.C.

Culture: Greek, South Italian, Apulian

Medium: Terracotta; red-figure

Dimensions: 8 7/8in. (22.5cm)

Classification: Vases

Credit Line: Purchase by subscription, 1896

Accession Number: 96.18.22


Isolated heads are the most frequent decorative motif in South Italian vase painting. The majority of the heads are female and wear their hair pulled up in a headdress, such as the saccos worn by the female head on the reverse of this vase. On Apulian vases of smaller scale decorated with an isolated head, a single figure of a woman, youth, or Eros is often paired with it, painted on the opposite side. These figures carry a variety of objects that not only appear as grave offerings in funerary scenes, but often also have a ritual function, such as the phiale, or offering bowl, held by the woman on the obverse.