Gift of Mrs. Edwin E. Butler, in memory of her father Dudley B. Fuller, 1926
Not on view
A shawl was a required fashion accessory during much of the nineteenth century. In the early 1800s long, rectangular, stolelike examples, hand-woven in India with boteh (pine cone) or paisley patterned end panels, were coveted for use with Empire-style dresses. This style was followed by the square shawl and then, with the introduction of wider skirts, by "plaids"—a term used not to describe the pattern but to connote a very large and long shawl, usually ten feet by five feet.
Stylistically, this shawl demonstrates both a "four seasons" layout—in which the ground color is different in each of the quadrants—and an organization a la pivot, indicating the manner in which the vegetation swirls around a central point. The design for the shawl is probably French, but it may have been purchased by a Scottish manufacturer and jacquard-woven in Paisley.
Artist: After a painting by baron François Gérard (French, Rome 1770–1837 Paris) Date: designed 1805, woven 1808–11Medium: Wool, silk, silver-gilt thread (26-28 warps per inch, 10-12 per cm.); gilded pine frameAccession: 43.99On view in:Gallery 553
Artist: Savonnerie Manufactory (Manufactory, established 1626; Manufacture Royale, established 1663) Date: 1668–85Medium: Knotted and cut wool pile, woven with about 90 knots per square inchAccession: 58.75.129On view in:Gallery 526