Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Two Opera Singers

Factory:
Meissen Manufactory (German, 1710–present)
Modeler:
Johann Joachim Kändler (German, Fischbach 1706–1775 Meissen)
Artist:
After a composition by Charles Nicolas Cochin II (French, Paris 1715–1790 Paris)
Date:
1749–50
Culture:
German, Meissen
Medium:
Hard-paste porcelain
Dimensions:
Overall (confirmed): 9 1/2 x 11 3/8 x 6 7/8 in. (24.1 x 28.9 x 17.5 cm)
Classification:
Ceramics-Porcelain
Credit Line:
Gift of Irwin Untermyer, 1964
Accession Number:
64.101.56
Not on view
This figure group represents two opera singers engaged in a duet. Their identities as singers are reflected as much by their theatrical gestures as by their elaborate costumes. The group has been interpreted as depicting a duet from Acis and Galatea as performed by Madame de Pompadour and the prince de Rohan, an event known to have taken place in the theater of Versailles in 1749.[1] However, subsequent identification of a group corresponding to this model in the workbook of the Meissen modeler Kändler dating from March 1744 – five years earlier – indicates the impossibility of this interpretation.[2] Kändler's entry refers to the male singer's Roman outfit (Römischen Habit), and it is clear that his costume and plumed helmet were intended to identify him as a classical and hence heroic figure. His wide scalloped skirt was known as a tonnelet and was frequently worn by male singers and ballet dancers.

The popularity of porcelain figures depicting singers reflects high status of opera at the Dresden court. A new opera house designed by the court architext Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann had been built next to the Zwinger Palace in 1718–19, during the reign of Augustus the Strong, and its interior was remodeled in 1738 and again in 1747. The choice of opera singers – either specific or generic, as in this group – for representing in the relatively new and highly valued medium of porcelain[3] indicates the importance ascribed to this aspect of Dresden court culture.

[1] Yvonne Hackenbroch, Meissen and Other Continental Porcelain, Faience and Enamel in the Irwin Untermyer Collection (Cambridge, mass., 1956), p. 35

[2] Ingelore Menzhausen, In Porzellan verzaubert" Die Figuren Johann Joachim Kändlers in Meissen aus der Sammlung Pauls0Eisenbeiss Basel (Basel, 1993), p. 117.

[3] The formula for true or hard-paste porcelain was discovered in Europe in Dresden in 1708, which led to the founding of the Meissen factory in 1710.
Inscription: Sticker on underside: S.L.4326.236/ Untermyer

Marking: Painted on underside in underglaze blue, faint: Crossed swords (Meissen factory mark)
Irwin Untermyer , New York (by 1949–64; to MMA)
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