Terracotta calyx-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water)

Attributed to the Painter of the Berlin Hydria

On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 153

Obverse and reverse, Amazonomachy (battle between Greeks and Amazons)

The number of figures and the complexity of poses here reflect an innovation that entered vase-painting about the middle of the fifth century B.C. and is generally attributed to the influence of monumental wall-painting. The frontal mounted Amazon in the middle of the composition, her falling comrade to the left, and the overlapping of figures, shields, and weapons dramatically convey the tumult of battle. At the same time, the many spatial planes strain the implicitly shallow stage provided by the black background of a vase. The fundamental incompatibility between naturalistic representation and the expressive possibilities offered by vase-painting led to the latter's demise—although that would come only at the end of the fourth century B.C. In the meantime, artists exploited every possibility to depict motion and emotion in the human figure.

Terracotta calyx-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water), Attributed to the Painter of the Berlin Hydria, Terracotta, Greek, Attic

Due to rights restrictions, this image cannot be enlarged, viewed at full screen, or downloaded.

Open Access

As part of the Met's Open Access policy, you can freely copy, modify and distribute this image, even for commercial purposes.


Public domain data for this object can also be accessed using the Met's Open Access API.