Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Calyx-krater, fragments

Late Classical
ca. 360–340 B.C.
Greek, South Italian, Apulian
Terracotta; added color
c: greatest H.3 3/4 in. (9.5 cm); greatest width: 2 in. (5.1 cm)
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1910
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 161
Portion of a garland.

Gnathian is a conventional term principally used for Apulian pottery in which polychrome decoration is applied to a black-glaze ground. The representation of the ransom of Hector was inspired by Aischylos' tragedy of the same name. The action is occurring on a stage, indicated by the horizontal lines below Hector's couch and footstool and the vertical tent supports. Priam kneels, clasping the legs of Achilles in supplication. The reverse shows figures executed in incision, with added white and yellow details.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1911. "Department of Classical Art: The Accessions of 1910. II. Vases." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 6(2): p. 36.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1926. Ancient Furniture: A History of Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Furniture. p. 70, fig. 189, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. p. 116 n. 94, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1966. The Furniture of the Greeks, Etruscans and Romans. pp. 56, 136, fig. 642, London: Phaidon Press.

Brommer, Frank. 1973. Vasenlisten zur griechischen Heldensage. D6, p. 465, Marburg: N.G. Elwert.

Kemp-Lindemann, Dagmar. 1975. Darstellungen des Achilleus in griechischer und römischer Kunst. p. 185, Bern: Herbert Lang.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese. 1978. "Dramen des Aischylos auf westgriechischen Vasen. Ph.D. diss." Ph.D. Diss. K6, pp. 25, 27ff., pl. 3, 2. Universität Würzburg.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981. (Aara-Aphlad), Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 1. no. 666, pp. 151-2, pl. 126, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Mayo, Margaret Ellen and Kenneth Hamma. 1982. The Art of South Italy: Vases from Magna Graecia no. 119, pp. 261-2, Richmond: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts.

Green, John Richard. 1985. "Some Gnathia Pottery in the J. Paul Getty Museum." Greek Vases in the J. Paul Getty Museum, Occasional Papers on Antiquities, Vol. 3. pp. 115-6, fig. 2, Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum.

Söldner, Magdalene. 1993. "Statuenbasen?." Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, 108: p. 266 n. 85.

Mercier, Charles E. 1995. "The 96th Annual Meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America: "A Representation of Action from a 'Ransom of Hector" : Charles E. Mercier, Vassar College." American Journal of Archaeology, 99(2): p. 314.

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