Marsyas was so proficient at playing the double flute that he challenged the god Apollo himself to a contest. Apollo agreed on condition that the victor could do as he pleased to the vanquished, and after winning, he had Marsyas flayed alive by a Scythian slave.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1915. "Department of Classical Art Accessions of 1914: Terracottas, Bronzes, Glass and Gems.." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 10(10): pp. 209–11, fig. 6.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 111, 249, pl. 89b, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1994. Oidipous-Theseus, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 7. Olympos I, no. 8, Zürich: Artemis Verlag.
de Puma, Richard Daniel. 2013. Etruscan Art in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. p. 316, New Haven and London: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.