The three lions, masterfully embossed in low relief, refer to the heraldic arms of the shield's owner, who unfortunately is not identified. Since the shield is recorded as having come from Spain in the early nineteenth century, its owner was undoubtedly a Spanish nobleman. Cuts across the surface of the lions indicate that the shield saw active use, most likely in a tournament on foot.
Ex. coll.: Royal Armory, Madrid; Ralph Bernal; Earl of Londesborough; Marice de Talleyrand-Périgord, Duc de Dino, Paris.
Christie, Manson & Woods. A Catalogue of ... Armour and Arms: Recently Received from Spain ... Also ... Bronze and Marble Busts and Figures. London: Christie, Manson & Woods, February 26, 1840. no. 62.
Oxenham & Sons. Ancient Armour and Arms, Celebrated As the Gothic Armoury, Cap-a-Pie Suits of Knights' Armour, Engraved Tilting Suits, Indian Armour and Arms, Together with the Remainder of the Paraphernalia of the Grand Tournment at Eglinton. London: Oxenham & Sons, April 29–May 1, 1841. no. 401, pl. 2.
Christie, Manson & Woods. Illustrated Catalogue of the Distinguished Collection of Works of Art and Vertu from the Byzantine Period to that of Louis Seize, Collected by the late Ralph Bernal, Esq.. London: Christie's, London, March 5, 1855. p. 232, no. 2714, ill. opp. p. 222.
Fairholt, Frederick, and Thomas Wright. Miscellanea graphica: representations of ancient, medieval, and renaissance remains in the possession of Lord Londesborough. London: Chapman and Hall, 1857. pl. XLIII.
Christie, Manson & Woods. Collection of Armour and Arms, Carvings in Ivory. London: Christie, Manson & Woods, July 4–6, 9–11, 1888. no. 145.
Cosson, Charles Alexander. Le Cabinet d'Armes de Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, Duc de Dino. Paris: E. Rouveyre, 1901. pp. 15–16, no. A6, pl. 4 (described and illustrated with an armor made for the court of Spain).
Laking, Guy Francis, Sir, Charles Alexander Cosson, and Francis Henry Cripps-Day. A Record of European Armour and Arms Through Seven Centuries. Vol. III. London: G. Bell and Sons, 1920. p. 310, fig. 1068 (called "probably the work of Desiderius Kolman of Augsburg about 1550").
Cripps-Day, Francis Henry. A Record of Armour Sales, 1881–1924. London: G. Bell and Sons, 1925. p. 13, fig. 2 (called "probably by Desiderius Colman...").
Norman, A. V. B. "Amendments and Additions to the Catalogue of Armour in the Wallace Collection, London." The Journal of the Arms & Armour Society (1972), pp. 198–99.
Wallace Collection and A.V.B. Norman. European Arms and Armour Supplement. Wallace Collection Catalogues. London: Printed for the Trustees by Balding + Mansell, 1986. p. 67.