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Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Onyx cameo bust of Caracalla

Period:
Mid-Imperial, Severan
Date:
ca. A.D. 211–217
Culture:
Roman
Medium:
Onyx
Dimensions:
H.: 1 1/16 x 15/16 in. (2.7 x 2.4 cm)
Classification:
Gems
Credit Line:
Purchase, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, 1942
Accession Number:
42.11.31
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 169
Caracalla succeeded to the imperial throne when his father, Septimius Severus, died in Eburacum (modern York, England) in A.D. 211. After disposing of his brother and co-emperor, Geta, Caracalla embarked on a number of military campaigns that took him to the Rhine and Danube frontiers. In A.D. 216, he launched a major expedition against Parthia, but he died in mysterious circumstances near Carrhae (modern Harran, Turkey) the following year.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1948. Roman Portraits, 2nd edn. no. 103, p. vi, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1956[1920]. Catalogue of Engraved Gems of the Classical Style: Greek Etruscan, and Roman. no. 656, p. 132, pl. 75, Rome: L'Erma di Bretschneider.

Megow, Wolf-Rüdiger. 1987. Kameen von Augustus bis Alexander Severus, Antike Münzen und geschnittene Steine, XI, Deutsches Archaologisches Institut, ed. no. A 160, p. 246, pl. 49.12, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter & Co.

Thomas, Renate. 1995. "Hellenistische Wurzeln Romischer Herrscherikonographie." Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, 110: no.III.19, p. 399.

Thomas, Renate. 1995. "Hellenistischen Wurzen Römischen Herrscherikonographie." Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, 110: no. 19 , p. 399.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 2006[1920]. Catalogue of Engraved Gems of the Classical Style: Greek Etruscan, and Roman, 2nd edn. no. 656, p. 132, pl. 75, color pl. 23, Rome: L'Erma di Bretschneider.

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